Mendoza, Argentina

Mendoza (/mɛnˈdzə/, American Spanish: [menˈdosa]), officially the City of Mendoza (Spanish: Ciudad de Mendoza) is the capital of the province of Mendoza in Argentina. It is located in the northern-central part of the province, in a region of foothills and high plains, on the eastern side of the Andes. As of the 2010 census [INDEC], Mendoza had a population of 115,021 with a metropolitan population of 1,055,679, making Greater Mendoza the fourth largest census metropolitan area in the country.

City of Mendoza
Ciudad de Mendoza  (Spanish)
Mendoza skyline
Location in Argentina
Coordinates: 32°53′S 68°49′W
Country Argentina
Province Mendoza
Settled1561; 460 years ago (1561)
Founded byPedro del Castillo
Named forGarcía Hurtado de Mendoza, 5th Marquis of Cañete
  MayorUlpiano Suárez (UCR)
  City54 km2 (21 sq mi)
746.5 m (2,449.1 ft)
 (2010 census)
  Density2,055.4/km2 (5,323/sq mi)
Mendozan (Mendocino/-a Spanish)
Time zoneUTC-3 (ART)
CPA Base
M 5500
Area code(s)+54 261

Ruta Nacional 7, the major road running between Buenos Aires and Santiago, runs through Mendoza. The city is a frequent stopover for climbers on their way to Aconcagua (the highest mountain in the Western and Southern Hemispheres) and for adventure travelers interested in mountaineering, hiking, horse riding, rafting, and other sports. In the winter, skiers come to the city for easy access to the Andes.

Two of the main industries of the Mendoza area are olive oil production and Argentine wine. The region around Greater Mendoza is the largest wine-producing area in South America. As such, Mendoza is one of the eleven Great Wine Capitals,[1] and the city is an emerging enotourism destination and base for exploring the region's hundreds of wineries located along the Argentina Wine Route.