Messina (/mɛˈsiːnə/ mess-EE-nə, US also /mɪˈ-/ miss-, Italian: [mesˈsiːna] (listen); Sicilian: Missina [mɪsˈsiːna])[lower-alpha 1] is a harbour city and the capital of the Italian Metropolitan City of Messina. It is the third largest city on the island of Sicily, and the 13th largest city in Italy, with a population of more than 219,000 inhabitants in the city proper and about 650,000 in the Metropolitan City. It is located near the northeast corner of Sicily, at the Strait of Messina and it is an important access terminal to Calabria region, Villa San Giovanni, Reggio Calabria on the mainland. According to Eurostat the FUA of the metropolitan area of Messina has, in 2014, 277,584 inhabitants.
This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Italian. (January 2022) Click [show] for important translation instructions.
|Comune di Messina|
|Coordinates: 38°11′37″N 15°33′15″E|
|Metropolitan city||Messina (ME)|
|• Mayor||Federico Basile|
|• Total||213.23 km2 (82.33 sq mi)|
|Elevation||3 m (10 ft)|
(31 March 2018)
|• Density||1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||Madonna of the Letter|
|Saint day||June 3|
The city's main resources are its seaports (commercial and military shipyards), cruise tourism, commerce, and agriculture (wine production and cultivating lemons, oranges, mandarin oranges, and olives). The city has been a Roman Catholic Archdiocese and Archimandrite seat since 1548 and is home to a locally important international fair. The city has the University of Messina, founded in 1548 by Ignatius of Loyola.