Metropolitan Borough of Chelsea


The Metropolitan Borough of Chelsea was a metropolitan borough of the County of London between 1900 and 1965. It was created by the London Government Act 1899 from most of the ancient parish of Chelsea. It was amalgamated in 1965 under the London Government Act 1963, with the Royal Borough of Kensington to form the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea.

Chelsea

Chelsea Town Hall in King's Road, London

Chelsea within the County of London
History
  OriginChelsea parish
  Created1900
  Abolished1965
  Succeeded byRoyal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea
StatusMetropolitan borough
GovernmentChelsea Borough Council
  HQKing's Road
  MottoNisi Dominus Frustra
(Unless God be with us all will be in vain)

Coat of arms of the borough council

Ecclesiastical parish


The ancient parish, was originally dedicated to All Saints, but by the late 17th century it had been rededicated to St Luke. It was in the Diocese of London. In 1824 a new parish church was built in the centre of the parish, it was also dedicated to St Luke and the original parish church became a chapel-at-ease known as All Saints, Chelsea or Chelsea Old Church.[1] From 1831, as the population of Chelsea increased, a number of new parishes were formed:[2]

  • Holy Trinity, Upper Chelsea in 1831
  • St Saviour, Upper Chelsea in 1840
  • St Jude, Upper Chelsea in 1844, (merged into Holy Trinity, Upper Chelsea in 1892)
  • All Saints, Chelsea (Chelsea Old Church) voluntarily took care of certain streets from 1855, became a separate parish in 1951
  • Park Chapel, Chelsea Park in c.1855, (renamed Emmanuel, Chelsea Park in 1906; then St Andrew, Chelsea Park in 1912)
  • St Simon Zelotes, Upper Chelsea in 1859
  • Christ Church, Chelsea in 1860
  • St John, Chelsea World's End in 1877

In the detached part of Chelsea parish, around the hamlet of Kensal Green (Kensal Town), a number of new parishes were also formed:[3]

  • St John the Evangelist, Kensal Green in 1845 with parts of Kensington, Paddington, Hammersmith and Willesden
  • St Luke the Evangelist, Kensal Green in 1877 with parts of Holy Trinity, Kilburn
  • St Jude, Kensal Green in 1879

Population and area


The area of the borough was 660 acres (2.7 km2), once Kensal Town was transferred to Kensington and Paddington. The population recorded in the Census was:

Chelsea Vestry 1801–1899

Year[4] 1801181118211831184118511861187118811891
Population11,604[5]18,26226,86032,37139,79656,18559,881[6]67,71773,07974,466

Metropolitan Borough 1900–1961

Year[7] 1901191119211931194119511961
Population73,84266,38563,69759,031[8]50,95747,256

Coat of arms


The borough was granted a coat of arms by the College of Arms on 28 February 1903. The blazon was:

Gules within a cross voided or a crozier in pale of the last in the first quarter a winged bull statant in the second a lion rampant reguardant both argent in the third a sword point downwards proper pomel and hilt gold between two boars' heads couped at the neck of the third and in the fourth a stag's head caboshed of the second.

The winged bull is the symbol of St Luke, patron saint of Chelsea (St Luke's parish church is just off the King's Road). The other emblems referred to various holders of the manor over the centuries: the crozier for Westminster Abbey, the lion for Earl Cadogan (first mayor of the borough), the boars' heads and sword for the Sloane family and the stag's head for the Stanley family.

The motto was Nisi dominus frustra or "It is vain without the Lord".

The fourfold division of the shield was a design favoured by Albert Woods, Garter King of Arms for municipal grants: other examples in London being the metropolitan boroughs of Bermondsey, Camberwell, Islington, Kensington, Southwark

Politics


A map showing the wards of Chelsea Metropolitan Borough as they appeared in 1916.

Under the Metropolis Management Act 1855 any parish that exceeded 2,000 ratepayers was to be divided into wards; as such the incorporated vestry of St Luke Chelsea was divided into four wards (electing vestrymen): No. 1 or Stanley (9), No. 2 or Church (18), No. 3 or Hans Town (21) and No. 4 or Royal Hospital (12).[9]

In 1894 as its population had increased the incorporated vestry was re-divided into five wards (electing vestrymen): Stanley (12), Church & Cheyne (15), Hans Town (12), Royal Hospital (9) and Kensal Town (12).[10][11]

The metropolitan borough was also divided into five wards for elections: Cheyne, Church, Hans Town, Royal Hospital and Stanley.[12][13]

Borough council

The borough council was controlled by the Municipal Reform Party, which was allied to the Conservative Party, from its creation until 1949. In that year, the "Municipal Reform" label was discarded, and the Conservative party governed the borough until the borough's abolition in 1965. Chelsea Town Hall, a neo-classical building containing frescos, remains in use. It is situated on King's Road, at the corner of Chelsea Manor Street.

Parliament constituency

For elections to parliament, the borough formed a single constituency. By 1950, the decline in population meant that the Chelsea constituency also included the Brompton area of the Metropolitan Borough of Kensington.

References


  1. "'Religious history: The parish church', A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 12: Chelsea". 2004. pp. 238–250. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
  2. "'Religious history: Church extension', A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 12: Chelsea". 2004. pp. 250–258. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
  3. "'Paddington: Churches', A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9: Hampstead, Paddington". 1989. pp. 252–259. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
  4. Statistical Abstract for London, 1901 (Vol. IV); Census tables for Metropolitan Borough of St Pancras
  5. Including Kensal Town
  6. Excluding Kensal Town
  7. Chelsea MetB: Census Tables A Vision of Britain accessed 14 June 2007
  8. The census was suspended for World War II
  9. The London Gazette Issue: 21802. 20 October 1855. pp. 3888–3890. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
  10. The London Gazette Issue: 26542. 14 August 1894. pp. 4711–4712. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
  11. The London Gazette Issue: 26563. 23 October 1894. p. 5936. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
  12. Post Office London County Suburbs Directory, 1919. 1919. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  13. Ordnance Survey 'County Series 3rd Edition' Map of London (1912-14) at 1:2500 scale. Accessed at https://www.old-maps.co.uk/

Further reading