Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale
The Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester in North West England. It is named after its largest town, Rochdale, but spans a far larger area which includes the towns of Middleton, Heywood, Littleborough, and Milnrow, as well as the village of Wardle.
Borough of Rochdale
Number One Riverside, Rochdale
Rochdale shown within Greater Manchester and England
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||North West England|
|Ceremonial county||Greater Manchester|
|Admin HQ||Rochdale (Town Hall)|
|Founded||1 April 1974|
|• Type||Metropolitan borough|
|• Governing body||Rochdale Metropolitan Borough Council|
|• Mayor||Cllr. Ian Duckworth|
|• MPs:||Tony Lloyd (L)|
Chris Clarkson (C)
|• Council Leader||Cllr. Allen Brett|
|• Total||61.4 sq mi (159 km2)|
|• Total||222,412 (Ranked 79th)|
|• Density||3,521/sq mi (1,359/km2)|
| • Ethnicity |
(United Kingdom Estimate 2006)
11.4% S.Asian or mixed
1.4% Black or mixed
0.8% Chinese or other
|Time zone||UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)|
|Area code(s)||0161 / 01706|
|ONS code||00BQ (ONS)|
|OS grid reference|
The borough was formed in 1974 as part of the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972 and is an amalgamation of six former local government districts. It was originally proposed that the borough include the neighbouring town of Bury and disclude Middleton; Bury however went on to form the administrative centre for the adjacent Metropolitan Borough of Bury.
The borough lies directly north-northeast of the City of Manchester and has a population of 206,500. Although some parts are highly industrialised and densely populated, the borough has the lowest population density in Greater Manchester, with some areas of rural open space including Blackstone Edge and the Pennine hills.
The borough, which is the largest such borough of Greater Manchester, was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, by a merger of the former county borough of Rochdale and, from the administrative county of Lancashire, the municipal boroughs of Heywood and Middleton, along with the urban districts of Littleborough, Milnrow and Wardle.
Prior to its creation, it was suggested that the metropolitan borough be named Chadwick (with reference to Sir Edwin Chadwick), but this was rejected in favour of Rochdale.
Showing former status (prior to 1974)
- Heywood (municipal borough)
- Littleborough (urban district)
- Middleton (municipal borough)
- Milnrow (urban district)
- Rochdale (county borough)
- Wardle (urban district)
Rochdale(2011) - count - %
- All residents 211,699 - 100.0
- White - 172,874 - 81.7
- English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish/British - 166,481 - 78.6
- Irish - 2,131 - 1.0
- Gypsy or Irish Traveller - 186 - 0.1
- Other White - 4,076 - 1.9
- Mixed/multiple ethnic groups - 3,569 - 1.7
- White and Black Caribbean - 1,057 - 0.5
- White and Black African - 601 - 0.3
- White and Asian - 1,348 - 0.6
- Other Mixed - 563 - 0.3
- Asian/Asian British - 31,630 - 14.9
- Indian - 1,105 - 0.5
- Pakistani - 22,265 - 10.5
- Bangladeshi - 4,342 - 2.1
- Chinese - 948 - 0.4
- Other Asian - 2,970 - 1.4
- Black/African/Caribbean/Black British - 2,770 - 1.3
- African - 2,131 - 1.0
- Caribbean - 285 - 0.1
- Other Black - 354 - 0.2
- Other ethnic group - 856 - 0.4
- Arab - 308 - 0.1
- Any other ethnic group - 548 - 0.3
The table below details the population change since 1801, including the percentage change since the last available census data. Although the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale has only existed 1974, figures have been generated by combining data from the towns, villages, and civil parishes that would later be constituent parts of the borough.
|Population growth in Rochdale since 1801|
|Source: Vision of Britain|
The Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale has formal twinning arrangements with six places. Three were originally twinned with a place within the Metropolitan Borough boundaries prior to its creation in 1974.
|Country||Place||County / District / Region / State||Originally twinned with||Date|
|France||Tourcoing||Nord-Pas de Calais||County Borough of Rochdale||1956|
|Germany||Peine||Niedersachsen||Municipal Borough of Heywood||1967|
|Germany||Bielefeld||Nordrhein-Westfalen||County Borough of Rochdale||1953|
|Pakistan||Sahiwal||Punjab||Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale||1988|
|Ukraine||Lviv||Lviv||Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale||1992|
|Bangladesh||Sylhet||Sylhet Division||Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale||2009|
Freedom of the Borough
The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Rochdale.
- Dame Gracie Fields DBE: 6 May 1937.
- Sir Cyril Smith : November 1992. (This honour was revoked by a unanimous vote of the Rochdale Borough Council on 18 October 2018).
- Jim Callaghan: 3 April 1996.
- Lance Corporal Stephen Shaw MC: 17 April 2013.
- Rt. Hon. Lord Barnett PC: 22 January 2014.
- Julie Goodyear MBE: 5 October 2017.
- The Lancashire Fusiliers: 5 June 1947.
- The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers: 4 March 1978.
- HMS Middleton, RN: 20 May 1992.
- Rochdale Metropolitan Borough Council elections
- List of people from Rochdale
- List of schools in Rochdale
- Lead View Table
- Clark 1973, p. 101.
- Lead View Table
- UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Rochdale Local Authority (E08000005)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
- "Rochdale District: total population". Vision of Britain. Retrieved on 20 December 2008.
- "Town twinning". rochdale.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 2007-10-29. Retrieved 2011-08-18.
- http://graciefields.org/wordpress/receiving-the-freedom-of-rochdale/ [bare URL]
- https://www.rochdaleonline.co.uk/news-features/2/news-headlines/123143/cyril-smith-stripped-of-the-freedom-of-borough [bare URL]
- http://www.rochdale.gov.uk/council-and-democracy/mayors/Pages/Honorary-Aldermen-and-Freemen.aspx [bare URL]
- Clark, David M. (1973). "Greater Manchester Votes: A Guide to the New Metropolitan Authorities". Redrose. Cite journal requires