Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale


The Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester in North West England. It is named after its largest town, Rochdale, but spans a far larger area which includes the towns of Middleton, Heywood, Littleborough, and Milnrow, as well as the village of Wardle.

Borough of Rochdale
Coat of Arms of the Borough Council
Rochdale shown within Greater Manchester and England
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionNorth West England
Ceremonial countyGreater Manchester
Admin HQRochdale (Town Hall)
Founded1 April 1974
Government
  TypeMetropolitan borough
  Governing bodyRochdale Metropolitan Borough Council
  MayorCllr. Ian Duckworth
  MPs:Tony Lloyd (L)
Chris Clarkson (C)
  Council LeaderCllr. Allen Brett
Area
  Total61.4 sq mi (159 km2)
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)
  Total222,412 (Ranked 79th)
  Density3,521/sq mi (1,359/km2)
  Ethnicity
(United Kingdom Estimate 2006) [1]
86.5% White
11.4% S.Asian or mixed
1.4% Black or mixed
0.8% Chinese or other
Demonym(s)Rochdalian
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
Postcodes
OL & M
Area code(s)0161 / 01706
ISO 3166-2GB-RCH
ONS code00BQ (ONS)
E08000005 (GSS)
OS grid referenceSD897133
NUTS 3UKD32
Websitewww.rochdale.gov.uk

The borough was formed in 1974 as part of the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972 and is an amalgamation of six former local government districts. It was originally proposed that the borough include the neighbouring town of Bury and disclude Middleton; Bury however went on to form the administrative centre for the adjacent Metropolitan Borough of Bury.

Geography


The borough lies directly north-northeast of the City of Manchester and has a population of 206,500. Although some parts are highly industrialised and densely populated, the borough has the lowest population density in Greater Manchester, with some areas of rural open space including Blackstone Edge and the Pennine hills.

History


The old Municipal Offices, demolished in 2014, which were replaced by Number One Riverside.

The borough, which is the largest such borough of Greater Manchester, was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, by a merger of the former county borough of Rochdale and, from the administrative county of Lancashire, the municipal boroughs of Heywood and Middleton, along with the urban districts of Littleborough, Milnrow and Wardle.

Prior to its creation, it was suggested that the metropolitan borough be named Chadwick (with reference to Sir Edwin Chadwick), but this was rejected in favour of Rochdale.[2]

Neighbouring districts


The Metropolitan Borough of Oldham lies to the south-east, and the Metropolitan Borough of Bury lies to the west. The City of Manchester is to the south.

To the north-west is the borough and non-metropolitan district of Rossendale in Lancashire and to the north-east is the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale in West Yorkshire.

Unparished areas


Showing former status (prior to 1974)

  1. Heywood (municipal borough)
  2. Littleborough (urban district)
  3. Middleton (municipal borough)
  4. Milnrow (urban district)
  5. Rochdale (county borough)
  6. Wardle (urban district)

Ethnic groups[3]


Rochdale(2011) - count - %

  • All residents 211,699 - 100.0
  • White - 172,874 - 81.7
  • English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish/British - 166,481 - 78.6
  • Irish - 2,131 - 1.0
  • Gypsy or Irish Traveller - 186 - 0.1
  • Other White - 4,076 - 1.9
  • Mixed/multiple ethnic groups - 3,569 - 1.7
  • White and Black Caribbean - 1,057 - 0.5
  • White and Black African - 601 - 0.3
  • White and Asian - 1,348 - 0.6
  • Other Mixed - 563 - 0.3
  • Asian/Asian British - 31,630 - 14.9
  • Indian - 1,105 - 0.5
  • Pakistani - 22,265 - 10.5
  • Bangladeshi - 4,342 - 2.1
  • Chinese - 948 - 0.4
  • Other Asian - 2,970 - 1.4
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British - 2,770 - 1.3
  • African - 2,131 - 1.0
  • Caribbean - 285 - 0.1
  • Other Black - 354 - 0.2
  • Other ethnic group - 856 - 0.4
  • Arab - 308 - 0.1
  • Any other ethnic group - 548 - 0.3

Source: ONS - 2011 Census (KS201EW)[4]

Population change

The table below details the population change since 1801, including the percentage change since the last available census data. Although the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale has only existed 1974, figures have been generated by combining data from the towns, villages, and civil parishes that would later be constituent parts of the borough.

Population growth in Rochdale since 1801
Year 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001
Population 28,689 36,815 46,440 57,377 69,956 80,317 102,247 124,177 146,107 151,490 165,617 181,061 181,227 181,395 177,574 173,833 188,316 204,071 206,351 204,802 205,233
 % change +28.3 +26.1 +23.6 +21.9 +14.8 +27.3 +21.4 +17.7 +3.7 +9.3 +9.3 +0.1 +0.1 2.1 2.1 +8.3 +8.4 +1.1 0.8 +0.2
Source: Vision of Britain[5]

Twin towns


The Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale has formal twinning arrangements with six places. Three were originally twinned with a place within the Metropolitan Borough boundaries prior to its creation in 1974.[6]

Country Place County / District / Region / State Originally twinned with Date
France Tourcoing Nord-Pas de Calais County Borough of Rochdale 1956
Germany Peine Niedersachsen Municipal Borough of Heywood 1967
Germany Bielefeld Nordrhein-Westfalen County Borough of Rochdale 1953
Pakistan Sahiwal Punjab Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale 1988
Ukraine Lviv Lviv Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale 1992
Bangladesh Sylhet Sylhet Division Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale 2009

Freedom of the Borough


The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Rochdale.

Individuals

Military Units

[9]

See also


References


Notes

Bibliography

  • Clark, David M. (1973). "Greater Manchester Votes: A Guide to the New Metropolitan Authorities". Redrose. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)