Metropolitan areas in Romania


There are 10 metropolitan areas in Romania that have been constituted as of 2013.

Legislative status


The current legislation in Romania regulates the status of the 265 cities according to their population and regional importance:

  • Rank 0 – Bucharest, the capital of Romania – municipality of European importance
  • Rank I – municipality of national importance, with regional role and potential influence at European level
  • Rank II – municipality of national, regional or county-level importance, or with equilibrium role in the network of cities
  • Rank III – cities

Legislation also restricts the possibility to engage into a metropolitan area project to only those cities that are of rank 0 or I.[1] Here is a list of the municipalities that as of 2007 can for metropolitan areas around them with approximate populations.[2] Only three zones have been officially constituted by the end of 2007: Oradea, Iasi and Constanta.[3] At least 9 others are at the level of project.

Constituted metropolitan zones


Map of the metropolitan areas of Romania (including the proposed ones)
  Main city
  Adjacent localities
Constituted metropolitan areas in Romania
NamePopulation (2011[4])AreaDensityEstablishedNotes
Constanța Metropolitan Area425,9161,013.5 km2420/km2December 2007[5][6]
Cluj-Napoca Metropolitan Area411,3791,537.54 km2268/km22008[7] (since)[8]
Iași Metropolitan Area403,5721,159 km2348/km28 April 2004[9]
Brașov Metropolitan Area369,8961,368.58 km2270/km22007includes Codlea, Săcele, Ghimbav, Predeal, and Râşnov[10]
Craiova Metropolitan Area356,5441498.62 km2238/km211 February 2009[11]
Oradea Metropolitan Area235,462773 km2305/km29 May 2005[12]
Satu Mare Metropolitan Area233,3062,251.09 km2104/km22013includes 3 cities and 22 communes
Baia Mare Metropolitan Area215,9321,395.38 km2154/km2200619 localities
Târgu Mureș metropolitan area209,532656.29 km2315/km22005[13]
Piatra Neamț Metropolitan Area[14]133,24920132 cities and 7 communes[15]

Planned metropolitan zones


NamePopulation (2011)AreaDensity
Bucharest Metropolitan Area2,272,1631,811 km21,254/km2
Galați-Brăila Metropolitan Area496,8441,702.17 km2292/km2
Timișoara Metropolitan Area*468,1622,439.19 km2192/km2
Ploiești Metropolitan Area276,279478 km2577/km2
Bacău Metropolitan Area216,649848.32 km2255/km2
Pitești Metropolitan Area[14]215,700
Arad Metropolitan Area[14]*206,536
Botoșani Metropolitan Area[14]**145,961
Suceava Metropolitan Area[14]**143,713
Râmnicu Vâlcea Metropolitan Area[14]136,787
Deva-Hunedoara (Corvina) Conurbationn/a

*Timișoara and Arad intend to form the Arad–Timișoara Conurbation.[26] **Suceava and Botoșani might form a conurbation

Functional Urban Areas


In the EU, as defined by Eurostat, a functional urban area (FUA) – formerly known as larger urban zone (LUZ) – consists of a city and its commuting zone.

Largest Functional Urban Areas of Romania[14]
Rank Name County Development region FUA Population (2018)
1 Bucharest Bucharest-Ilfov 2,478,618
2 Iași Iași Nord-Est 500,668
3 Constanța Constanța Sud-Est 419,033
4 Brașov Brașov Centru 401,516
5 Cluj-Napoca Cluj Nord-Vest 396,339
6 Timișoara Timiș Vest 364,325
7 Galați Galați Sud-Est 322,953
8 Craiova Dolj Sud-Vest 321,329
9 Ploiești Prahova Sud 289,394
10 Oradea Bihor Nord-Vest 239,926

GDP of metropolitan areas


GDP of metropolitan regions in 2016
Rank Metropolitan area GDP [27]
(million EUR)
1 Bucharest 46,261.82
2 Timișoara 8,172.69
3 Cluj-Napoca 8,021.97
4 Constanţa 7,669.4
5 Ploiești 7,049.05
6 Brașov 5,844.08
7 Iași 5,277.69
8 Craiova 4,044.28
9 Galați 2,886.63
Non-metropolitan regions 75,047.84
Romania 170,393.6

Image gallery


References


  1. (in Romanian)[dead link]
  2. "Zona Metropolitana Iasi in contextul Romaniei" "Map of Romanian cities that can have metropolitan areas – in maroon" (in Romanian)
  3. "Zona Metropolitană, viitorul dezvoltării urbane: Informaţia de Mureş". Archived from the original on 2008-04-23. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
  4. INS INS 1.01.2009(in Romanian) Archived July 26, 2009, at WebCite
  5. Zona Metropolitana Constanta (in Romanian)
  6. "Constanța Metropolitan Area, officially in December", Telegraf Online Constanța
  7. Zona Metropolitana Urbana si Strategii de Dezvoltare a Zonei Metropolitane Cluj-Napoca (in Romanian)
  8. "Zona Metropolitana Urbana" (in Romanian). CJ Cluj. Retrieved May 25, 2009.
  9. Zona Metropolitana Iasi
  10. Microsoft Word – Strategie_zona_metropolitana.doc Archived April 11, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  11. Eroare > EVZ.ro[permanent dead link]
  12. Zona Metropolitana Oradea
  13. "Târgu Mureș metropolitan area official site". Archived from the original on 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2012-11-20.
  14. "Population at 1 January 2018". Eurostat. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  15. Proiect – Zona metropolitana Bucuresti
  16. Zona Metropolitana Bucuresti ar urma sa se intinda pana la Dunare (in Romanian)
  17. "Zona Metropolitana Bucuresti, un proiect fara strategii si planuri concrete, uitat la sertar". NewsReport (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 2008-01-02.
  18. Zona Metropolitană Timișoara | Primaria Timisoara | Secţiuni | Proiecte importante ale municipalitatii (in Romanian)
  19. Util: Primaria Municipiului Timisoara lanseaza o dezbatere privind Zona Metropolitana (in Romanian)
  20. Zona metropolitana Galati-Braila va avea un statut de functionare peste trei saptamani – Stiri din Real-Estate pe Wall-Street (in Romanian)
  21. "Zona Metropolitana Bacau". ADL BACAU (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 2008-04-12.
  22. Conducere pentru ZONA METROPOLITANĂ BACĂU " Ziarul Observator de Bacau (in Romanian)
  23. "Zona metropolitana Ploiesti prinde contur". Prahova (in Romanian). 21 February 2007. Archived from the original on 2008-01-19.
  24. Victor Cozmei (20 September 2013). "Suceava și Botoșaniul vor să se unească într-un pol de dezvoltare care să rivalizeze cu Iașiul: tren de mare viteză, stadion în comun, drum expres și dezvoltarea aeroportului". HotNews.ro (in Romanian).
  25. "Studiu de potențial privind dezvoltarea la nivelul municipiilor Timișoara și Arad" (PDF). ADR Vest (in Romanian).

See also