Borough of Middlesbrough


The Borough of Middlesbrough is a borough and unitary authority in North Yorkshire, Northern England, based on the town of Middlesbrough. The borough had a population of 140,980, in the mid-2019 est.

Borough of Middlesbrough
The borough shown within North Yorkshire
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionNorth East England
Combined authorityTees Valley
Ceremonial countyNorth Yorkshire
ConstituenciesMiddlesbrough
South and East Cleveland
Civil ParishesNunthorpe
Stainton and Thornton
SeatMiddlesbrough
Area
  Total20.81 sq mi (53.89 km2)
Area rank262nd
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)
  Total140,980
  RankRanked 155th
  Density6,800/sq mi (2,600/km2)
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
  Summer (DST)UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
Postcode
TS1, TS2, TS3, TS4, TS5, TS7, TS8
Area code(s)TS
ONS code00EH (ONS)
E06000002 (GSS)
Ethnicity88% White, 8% S.Asian, 4% other
Websitewww.middlesbrough.gov.uk

Each ward of Middlesbrough is periodically adjusted and has a non-statutory community council. Nunthorpe along with Stainton and Thornton also have statutory parish councils. For statistical and strategic reasons the current council area is part of the Tees Valley region along with Stockton-on-Tees, Redcar and Cleveland, Hartlepool and Darlington boroughs.

History


County Borough/ district
NameTypeTypeFromUntilNotes
Yorkshire Historic Municipal borough 18561889
Rural sanitary district 18851894
North Riding of Yorkshire Administrative County borough 18891968 Merged into Teesside
Rural district 18941932 Merged into Stokesley
Cleveland Non-metropolitan Shire district 19741996
North Yorkshire Ceremonial Unitary authority 1996

From the county's creation in 1889 (from the historic subdivision of Yorkshire) areas under Middlesbrough's governance remained part of North Riding of Yorkshire county for varing amounts of self-governance. The final iteration of this governance was reconstituted as a non-metropolitan district in the county of Cleveland (the county itself governed from Middlesbrough) in 1974. Since 1996, for ceremonial purposes, the district is part of North Yorkshire as a unitary authority. Cleveland Fire Services and Police, however, remain as well as the borough's placement in North East England instead of Yorkshire and the Humber, which large parts of North Yorkshire is in. It is included within the combined authority area of Tees Valley for strategic purposes.

Structure


Skyline of Middlesbrough

The borough is made up of nineteen council wards (formerly twenty as Gresham ward merged with Newport ward between the 2011 and 2021 censuses) within the borough of Middlesbrough. Each ward has a non-statutory community committe.[1] They is also two statutory parish councils for "Nunthorpe" and "Stainton and Thornton".[2] North, west and central Middlesbrough are covered by the Middlesbrough parliamentary constituency, south and east are covered by the Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland parliamentary constituency.

Wards
East North West South
Brambles and Thorntree Central Acklam Coulby Newham
Berwick Hills and Pallister Linthorpe Ayresome Hemlington
North Ormesby Longlands and Beechwood Kader Marton East
Park End and Beckfield Newport Ladgate Marton West
Park Trimdon Nunthorpe
Stainton and Thornton

The council operates a with directly elected Mayor of Middlesbrough. The political composition of the council, as of the May 2019 local elections, is Conservative 3;Labour 20; and Independent 23.

Political party make-up of Middlesbrough Borough Council
   Party Seats[3][4] Current council
  Conservative 3                                                                      
  Labour 20                                                                    
  Independent 23                                                                        

Teesside International Airport (formerly known as Durham Tees Valley Airport), is joint owned by the borough, the other four Tees Valley councils and Peel Holdings. The council also owns multiple buildings in the borough.

Demography


Borough

The borough of Middlesbrough's total resident population was 140,980, by the mid-2019 est. The population of Middlesbrough as a county borough peaked at almost 165,000 in the late 1960s, however this has declined since the early 1980s before starting to recover in the 2010s.[5]

Women in the former Middlehaven ward (absorbed into the central ward) had the second lowest life expectancy at birth, 74 years, of any ward in England and Wales in 2016.[6]

Population 2011Borough
White British86.0%
Asian7.8%
Black1.3%

In the borough of Middlesbrough, 14.0% of the population were non-white British. This makes the town about as ethnically diverse as Exeter. Additionally, it has a lower indigenous population than Gateshead and South Shields which are further north on the other side of County Durham but now in Tyne and Wear although historically within County Durham. It is also the second most ethnically diverse settlement in the North East (after Newcastle).

Built-up area sub-division

The wider Middlesbrough built-up area sub-division had a population of 174,700 according to the 2011 census. The suburbs which make up the area known as Greater Eston, which in eastern Redcar and Cleveland are often considered part of Middlesbrough outside of the borough.

Economy


Middlesbrough Town Hall, Albert Street

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Middlesbrough at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

YearRegional Gross Value Added4Agriculture1Industry2Services3
19951,1158377729
20001,1926417768
20031,5386561971

^1 includes hunting and forestry

^2 includes energy and construction

^3 includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured

^4 Components may not sum to totals due to rounding

Freedom of the Borough


The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Middlesbrough.

Individuals

  • Councillor Joseph Calvert JP: 7 November 1919.[7]
  • L. Taylor – 30 March 1967 (deceased 23 May 1983)
  • Right Rev. Monsignor Canon M O'Sullivan – 26 March 1968 (deceased 6 May 1978)
  • Mrs Mary A. Daniel – 16 October 1974 (deceased 23 December 1983)
  • Mrs Ethel A. Gaunt – 16 October 1974 (deceased 10 June 1990)
  • Rt. Hon. Lord Bottomley OBE PC of Middlesbrough in the County of Cleveland – 21 December 1976 (deceased 3 November 1995)
  • Councillor Mr E. A. Dickinson MBE – 8 May 1981 (deceased 2001)
  • Mrs Rose M. Haston – 9 May 1986 (deceased 22 January 1991)
  • Councillor Mr Arthur Pearson CBE – 9 May 1986 (deceased 23 February 1997)
  • Councillor Mr Robert I. Smith – 9 May 1986 (deceased 23 February 1993)
  • Councillor W. Ferrier MBE – 16 June 1992 (deceased 4 March 2015)
  • Councillor Miss G. Popple – 16 June 1992 (deceased 10 May 2003)
  • Councillor Mr Len Poole BEM JP – 16 June 1992 (deceased 15 May 2011)
  • Mr John Robert Foster OBE – 8 March 1996
  • Alma Collin MBE – 15 March 2000 (deceased 2014)
  • Councillor Mrs Hazel Pearson OBE – 3 December 2003 (deceased 5 February 2016)
  • Mr Steve Gibson – 18 March 2004
  • Mr Jack Hatfield – 30 June 2009 (deceased January 2014)
  • Mr Mackenzie Thorpe – 11 April 2019[8]

Military units

References


  1. "Middlesbrough Registration District". UKBMD. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  2. "Middlesbrough". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  3. "Local Election Results 2011 Summary". Association of Liberal Democrat Councillors. Archived from the original on 23 December 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
  4. "Borough and Parish Elections results - Thursday 2 May 2019". www.darlington.gov.uk.
  5. "Middlesbrough Unitary Authority: Total Population". GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  6. Bennett, James; et al. (22 November 2018). "Contributions of diseases and injuries to widening life expectancy inequalities in England from 2001 to 2016: a population-based analysis of vital registration data". Lancet public health. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  7. "Freedom of the Borough presented to Sir Joseph Calvert 7th November 1919". 11 January 2013. Retrieved 29 November 2020 via Flickr.
  8. "Middlesbrough Borough Council" (PDF). www.middlesbrough.gov.uk.

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