Borough of Middlesbrough
Borough of Middlesbrough
The borough shown within North Yorkshire
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||North East England|
|Combined authority||Tees Valley|
|Ceremonial county||North Yorkshire|
South and East Cleveland
Stainton and Thornton
|• Total||20.81 sq mi (53.89 km2)|
|• Rank||Ranked 155th|
|• Density||6,800/sq mi (2,600/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (British Summer Time)|
TS1, TS2, TS3, TS4, TS5, TS7, TS8
|ONS code||00EH (ONS)|
|Ethnicity||88% White, 8% S.Asian, 4% other|
Each ward of Middlesbrough is periodically adjusted and has a non-statutory community council. Nunthorpe along with Stainton and Thornton also have statutory parish councils. For statistical and strategic reasons the current council area is part of the Tees Valley region along with Stockton-on-Tees, Redcar and Cleveland, Hartlepool and Darlington boroughs.
|Rural sanitary district||1885||1894|
|North Riding of Yorkshire||Administrative||County borough||1889||1968||Merged into Teesside|
|Rural district||1894||1932||Merged into Stokesley|
|North Yorkshire||Ceremonial||Unitary authority||1996|
From the county's creation in 1889 (from the historic subdivision of Yorkshire) areas under Middlesbrough's governance remained part of North Riding of Yorkshire county for varing amounts of self-governance. The final iteration of this governance was reconstituted as a non-metropolitan district in the county of Cleveland (the county itself governed from Middlesbrough) in 1974. Since 1996, for ceremonial purposes, the district is part of North Yorkshire as a unitary authority. Cleveland Fire Services and Police, however, remain as well as the borough's placement in North East England instead of Yorkshire and the Humber, which large parts of North Yorkshire is in. It is included within the combined authority area of Tees Valley for strategic purposes.
The borough is made up of nineteen council wards (formerly twenty as Gresham ward merged with Newport ward between the 2011 and 2021 censuses) within the borough of Middlesbrough. Each ward has a non-statutory community committe. They is also two statutory parish councils for "Nunthorpe" and "Stainton and Thornton". North, west and central Middlesbrough are covered by the Middlesbrough parliamentary constituency, south and east are covered by the Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland parliamentary constituency.
|Brambles and Thorntree||Central||Acklam||Coulby Newham|
|Berwick Hills and Pallister||Linthorpe||Ayresome||Hemlington|
|North Ormesby||Longlands and Beechwood||Kader||Marton East|
|Park End and Beckfield||Newport||Ladgate||Marton West|
|Stainton and Thornton|
The council operates a with directly elected Mayor of Middlesbrough. The political composition of the council, as of the May 2019 local elections, is Conservative 3;Labour 20; and Independent 23.
Teesside International Airport (formerly known as Durham Tees Valley Airport), is joint owned by the borough, the other four Tees Valley councils and Peel Holdings. The council also owns multiple buildings in the borough.
The borough of Middlesbrough's total resident population was 140,980, by the mid-2019 est. The population of Middlesbrough as a county borough peaked at almost 165,000 in the late 1960s, however this has declined since the early 1980s before starting to recover in the 2010s.
In the borough of Middlesbrough, 14.0% of the population were non-white British. This makes the town about as ethnically diverse as Exeter. Additionally, it has a lower indigenous population than Gateshead and South Shields which are further north on the other side of County Durham but now in Tyne and Wear although historically within County Durham. It is also the second most ethnically diverse settlement in the North East (after Newcastle).
Built-up area sub-division
The wider Middlesbrough built-up area sub-division had a population of 174,700 according to the 2011 census. The suburbs which make up the area known as Greater Eston, which in eastern Redcar and Cleveland are often considered part of Middlesbrough outside of the borough.
This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Middlesbrough at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.
|Year||Regional Gross Value Added4||Agriculture1||Industry2||Services3|
^1 includes hunting and forestry
^2 includes energy and construction
^3 includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured
^4 Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
Freedom of the Borough
The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Middlesbrough.
- Councillor Joseph Calvert : 7 November 1919.
- L. Taylor – 30 March 1967 (deceased 23 May 1983)
- Right Rev. Monsignor Canon M O'Sullivan – 26 March 1968 (deceased 6 May 1978)
- Mrs Mary A. Daniel – 16 October 1974 (deceased 23 December 1983)
- Mrs Ethel A. Gaunt – 16 October 1974 (deceased 10 June 1990)
- Rt. Hon. Lord Bottomley of Middlesbrough in the County of Cleveland – 21 December 1976 (deceased 3 November 1995)
- Councillor Mr E. A. Dickinson MBE – 8 May 1981 (deceased 2001)
- Mrs Rose M. Haston – 9 May 1986 (deceased 22 January 1991)
- Councillor Mr Arthur Pearson CBE – 9 May 1986 (deceased 23 February 1997)
- Councillor Mr Robert I. Smith – 9 May 1986 (deceased 23 February 1993)
- Councillor W. Ferrier MBE – 16 June 1992 (deceased 4 March 2015)
- Councillor Miss G. Popple – 16 June 1992 (deceased 10 May 2003)
- Councillor Mr Len Poole BEM JP – 16 June 1992 (deceased 15 May 2011)
- Mr John Robert Foster OBE – 8 March 1996
- Alma Collin MBE – 15 March 2000 (deceased 2014)
- Councillor Mrs Hazel Pearson OBE – 3 December 2003 (deceased 5 February 2016)
- Mr Steve Gibson – 18 March 2004
- Mr Jack Hatfield – 30 June 2009 (deceased January 2014)
- Mr Mackenzie Thorpe – 11 April 2019
- The Green Howards: 13 May 1944, transferred to the Yorkshire Regiment: 25 October 2006.
- The 34th (Northern) Signal Regiment (Volunteers): 29 April 1972.
- HMS Marlborough, RN: 15 March 2000.
- "Middlesbrough Registration District". UKBMD. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
- "Middlesbrough". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
- "Local Election Results 2011 Summary". Association of Liberal Democrat Councillors. Archived from the original on 23 December 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
- "Borough and Parish Elections results - Thursday 2 May 2019". www.darlington.gov.uk.
- "Middlesbrough Unitary Authority: Total Population". GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
- Bennett, James; et al. (22 November 2018). "Contributions of diseases and injuries to widening life expectancy inequalities in England from 2001 to 2016: a population-based analysis of vital registration data". Lancet public health. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
- "Freedom of the Borough presented to Sir Joseph Calvert 7th November 1919". 11 January 2013. Retrieved 29 November 2020 – via Flickr.
- "Middlesbrough Borough Council" (PDF). www.middlesbrough.gov.uk.