Military history of Russia
The military history of the modern-day Russian Federation has antecedents involving the Rus' (who built Kyiv), the Mongol invasion of the early 13th century, Russia's numerous wars against Turkey, against Poland, Lithuania and Sweden, the Seven Years' War, France (especially the Napoleonic Wars), and the Crimean War of 1853–1856. The 20th century saw defeat by Germany in World War I and an extremely expensive victory over Nazi Germany in World War II, as well as smaller military actions against breakaway provinces and Poland. During the Cold War (1947 to 1990) the greatly enlarged military suppressed rebellions in Eastern Europe and became a nuclear superpower facing NATO and the United States, as well as China after 1960. The post-Cold War military history of the Russian Federation itself began in 1991.
Part of a series on the
|History of Russia|
Feudal Rus' (1097–1547)
Russian Revolution (1917–1923)
Timeline860–1721 • 1721–1796 • 1796–1855
1855–1892 • 1892–1917 • 1917–1927
1927–1953 • 1953–1964 • 1964–1982
1982–1991 • 1991–present
Period surveys include:
- the military history of Kievan Rus' and other states leading up to Muscovy (the Grand Duchy of Moscow)
- the Tsardom of Russia
- Military history of the Russian Empire
- Military history of the Soviet Union
- Military history of the Russian Federation
- History of Russia
- Foreign policy of the Russian Empire
- Russo-Turkish wars
- Timeline of Russian history
- Timeline of Russian inventions and technology records
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