Military history of Russia


The military history of the modern-day Russian Federation has antecedents involving the Rus' (who built Kyiv), the Mongol invasion of the early 13th century, Russia's numerous wars against Turkey, against Poland, Lithuania and Sweden, the Seven Years' War, France (especially the Napoleonic Wars), and the Crimean War of 1853–1856. The 20th century saw defeat by Germany in World War I and an extremely expensive victory over Nazi Germany in World War II, as well as smaller military actions against breakaway provinces and Poland. During the Cold War (1947 to 1990) the greatly enlarged military suppressed rebellions in Eastern Europe and became a nuclear superpower facing NATO and the United States, as well as China after 1960. The post-Cold War military history of the Russian Federation itself began in 1991.

Period surveys include:

See also


Further reading


  • Davies, Brian L. "The Development of Russian Military Power 1453–1815." in Jeremy Black, ed., European Warfare 1453–1815 (Macmillan Education UK, 1999) pp. 145–179.
  • De Madariaga, Isabel. Russia in the Age of Catherine the Great (2002).r, William C. Strategy and Power in Russia 1600-1914 (1998) excerpts
  • Duffy, Christopher. Russia’s Military Way to the West: Origins and Nature of Russian Military Power, 1700–1800 (Routledge, 1981)
  • Fuller, Jr., William C. Strategy and Power in Russia, 1600–1914 (1992)
  • Glantz, David M. and Jonathan M. House. When Titans Clashed: How the Red Army Stopped Hitler (UP of Kansas, 1995)
  • Hartley, Janet M. Russia, 1762-1825: military power, the state, and the people (ABC-CLIO, 2008).
  • Hughes, Lindsey (2000). Russia in the Age of Peter the Great. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-08266-1. pp 63–91.
  • Kagan, Frederick, and Robin Higham, eds. The Military History of Tsarist Russia (2008) excerpts
  • Keep, John. Soldiers of the Tsar: Army and Society in Russia, 1462–1874 (Oxford UP, 1985).
  • LeDonne, John P. The Russian Empire and the World, 1700–1917: The Geopolitics of Expansion and Containment (Oxford UP, 1997)
  • LeDonne, John P. The Grand Strategy of the Russian Empire, 1650–1831 (Oxford University Press, 2004).
  • Lieven, Dominic. Russia Against Napoleon: The True Story of the Campaigns of War and Peace]] (2011).
  • Lincoln, W. Bruce. Passage Through Armageddon: The Russians in War and Revolution, 1914–1918 (1986), popular history.
  • Menning, Bruce W. "Russian military innovation in the second half of the eighteenth Century." War & Society (1984) 2#1 pp. 23–41. online
  • Overy, Richard. Russia’s War (1998), on World War II
  • Paul, Michael C. “The Military Revolution in Russia, 1550–1682,” Journal of Military History 68#1 (January 2004), pp. 9–46.
  • Reese, Roger. The Soviet Military Experience: A History of the Soviet Army, 1917–1991 (Routledge, 2000)
  • Riasanovsky, Nicholas V. and Mark D. Steinberg. A History of Russia (7th ed. 2004) 800 pages.
  • Roberts, Geoffrey. Stalin's Wars: From World War to Cold War, 1939-1953 (2008) excerpt and text search
  • Schimmelpenninck van der Oye, David, and Bruce Menning, eds. Reforming the Tsar’s Army: Military Innovation in Imperial Russia from Peter the Great to the Revolution (Cambridge UP, 2004). scholarly essays
  • Steinberg, John W. "The military history of Romanov Russia." War & Society (2021): 1-14.
  • Steinberg, John W. et al. eds. The Russo-Japanese War in Global Perspective: World War Zero (Leiden: Brill, 2005).
  • Stone, David. A Military History of Russia: From Ivan the Terrible to the War in Chechnya (2006) excerpts
  • Stone, Norman. The Eastern Front 1914–1917 (Scribner’s, 1975).