Military service

Military service is service by an individual or group in an army or other militia, whether as a chosen job (volunteer) or as a result of an involuntary draft (conscription).

  No armed forces
  No enforced conscription
  Active draft system, but less than 20% of the whole age group are conscripted
  Plan to abolish conscription in the near future
  Conscription
  No information

Some nations (e.g., Mexico) require a specific amount of military service from every citizen, except for special cases, such as physical or mental disorders or religious belief. Most countries that use conscription systems only conscript men; a few countries also conscript women.[1] For example, Norway, Sweden, North Korea, Israel, and Eritrea conscript both men and women. However, only Norway and Sweden have a gender-neutral conscription system, where men and women are conscripted and serve on equal formal terms.[2] Some nations with conscription systems do not enforce them.

Nations which conscript for military service typically also rely on citizens choosing to join the armed forces as a career.[3]

Some nations with armed forces do not conscript their personnel (e.g. most NATO and European Union states). Instead, they promote military careers to attract and select recruits; see military recruitment.

Some, usually smaller, nations have no armed forces at all or rely on an armed domestic security force (e.g. police, coast guard).