Republic of China calendar

The Republic of China calendar, often shortened to the ROC calendar or the Minguo calendar, is a calendar used in Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, and Matsu. The calendar uses 1912, the year of the establishment of the Republic of China (ROC) in Nanjing, as the first year.

Republic of China calendar
A calendar with both Western and Chinese calendar dates commemorating the first year of the Republic of China, as well as the election of Sun Yat-sen as the provisional President of the Republic of China
Traditional Chinese中華民國
Simplified Chinese中华民国历
Minguo calendar
Traditional Chinese民國紀年
Simplified Chinese民国纪年
Literal meaningRepublic[an] year numbering system
Date and time notation in the Republic of China
Gregorian full date2023年5月31日
Gregorian all-numeric date2023-05-31
ROC calendar112-05-31
National Standard Time of Taiwan11:16
上午 11:16

The ROC calendar follows the tradition of using the sovereign's era name and year of reign, as did previous Chinese dynasties. Months and days are numbered according to the Gregorian calendar. The ROC calendar has been in wide use in the ROC since 1912, including in early official documents.

The ROC calendar is the official calendar used in Taiwan and Penghu since 1945, and also adopted by Overseas Chinese and Taiwanese communities. Chorographies and historical research published in mainland China covering the period between 1912 and 1949 also use the ROC calendar.[1]

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