Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Lithuania)
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Respublikos užsienio reikalų ministerija) is a governmental body of the Republic of Lithuania that shapes the national policy, and organises, coordinates, and controls its enforcement in the following areas: foreign affairs and security policy: international relations, economic security, foreign trade, protection of the rights and interests of the Republic of Lithuania and its persons and entities abroad; coordination of European Union membership; representing the Republic of Lithuania abroad diplomatic and consular relations, diplomatic service, Lithuanian national and diplomatic protocol, international relations; the policy of cooperation of the Republic of Lithuania; strengthening of expat connections with Lithuania. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs was established on 4 November 1918, shortly after Lithuania reestablished its independence.
|Užsienio reikalų ministerija|
|Formed||17 January 1990|
|Jurisdiction||Republic of Lithuania|
|Headquarters||J. Tumo-Vaižganto 2, Naujamiestis,|
|Employees||1,083 permanent employees|
|Annual budget||€0.093 billion (2021)|
|Parent department||Government of Lithuania|
The head of the Ministry is the foreign minister. The current head of the Ministry is Gabrielius Landsbergis. He is appointed and revoked by the President of the Republic of Lithuania by motion from the Prime Minister. The foreign minister is subordinate to the Parliament, the President, and the Prime Minister of the Republic of Lithuania. The foreign minister supervises the Ministry, deals with matters that lay within its sphere of competence, signs international agreements, ensures the enforcement of regulations the Ministry is tasked to oversee, files bills, ensures the execution of orders from the Government and the Prime Minister of the Republic of Lithuania, approves Strategic Planning Methodology, issues annual reports, coordinates and controls the work of administrational departments of the Ministry, as well as the activities of diplomatic missions, consular establishments and offices of the Republic of Lithuania to international organizations, file motions to the President of the Republic of Lithuania to award the diplomatic ranks of ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary of the Republic of Lithuania, envoy extraordinary of the Republic of Lithuania, and minister plenipotentiary of the Republic of Lithuania, and to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania, to appoint or recall diplomatic representatives (ambassadors extraordinary and plenipotentiary), defines the areas of activity for vice-ministers, and areas of cooperation for the Ministry chancellor.
In his work, the minister is advised by officers of political trust – vice-ministers. The Ministry may not have more than four of them. They organise and control execution of orders, the drafting and approval of draft regulations, and represent the minister by assignment, presenting the minister's political attitudes and decisions to the public.
The analysis, planning, formation, coordination, and enforcement of Lithuania's foreign policy is done by the political director of the Foreign Ministry. The director's functions include high-level representation of Lithuania abroad. The political director is involved in the activities of the Ministry's management, cooperates with the Ministry's administrative departments, domestic and foreign institutions, bodies, and individual partners. The director also supervises the formation, enforcement, and development of the security policy and cooperation with foreign countries, regions, and international organizations, the strengthening of the Eastern neighborhood policy, human rights and democracy, European policy, trans-Atlantic and developmental cooperation, and support of democracy.
The head of the Ministry's administration is the chancellor. The chancellor coordinates and controls the activities of the Ministry's administrative departments, ensures that financial and intellectual resources, assets and information are used optimally to achieve the Ministry's strategic operating goals and objectives.
By order approved on 26 January 2016, the Foreign Ministry has 19 departments:
- The Policy Planning Department
- The United Nations, International Organisations, and Human Rights Department
- The European Countries Department
- The Developmental Cooperation Department
- The Latin America, Africa, Asia, and Oceania Department
- The Foreign Lithuanians Department
- The European Union Department
- The External Economic Relations Department
- The Economic Security Policy Department
- The Human Resources Department
- The Administrative Department
- The Information Technology Department
- The Financial Department
- The National and Diplomatic Protocol Department
- The Legal and International Contracts Department
- The Consular Department
- The Eastern Neighborhood Policy Department
- The Trans-Atlantic Cooperation and Security Policy Department
- The Information and Public Relations Department
|Ministry of Foreign Affairs|
|Start date||End date||Time in office|
|Homeland Union||Prunskienė||17 January 1990||10 January 1991||358 days|
|Homeland Union||Šimėnas||10 January 1991||13 January 1991||3 days|
|Homeland Union||Vagnorius||13 January 1991||21 July 1992||1 year, 190 days|
|Homeland Union||Abišala||21 July 1992||17 December 1992||149 days|
|Democratic Labour Party||Lubys||17 December 1992||31 March 1993||104 days|
|Democratic Labour Party||Šleževičius||31 March 1993||19 March 1996||2 years, 354 days|
|Democratic Labour Party||Stankevičius||19 March 1996||10 December 1996||266 days|
|Homeland Union||Vagnorius||10 December 1996||10 June 1999||2 years, 182 days|
|Homeland Union||Paksas||10 June 1999||11 November 1999||154 days|
|Homeland Union||Kubilius||11 November 1999||9 November 2000||365 days|
|New Union||Paksas||9 November 2000||12 July 2001||245 days|
|New Union||Brazauskas||12 July 2001||14 December 2004||3 years, 155 days|
|New Union||Brazauskas||14 December 2004||18 July 2006||1 year, 216 days|
|Independent||Kirkilas||18 July 2006||9 December 2008||2 years, 144 days|
|Independent||Kubilius||9 December 2008||26 January 2010||1 year, 48 days|
|Homeland Union||29 January 2010||13 December 2012||2 years, 319 days|
|17||Linas Antanas Linkevičius
|Social Democratic Party||Butkevičius||13 December 2012||13 December 2016||4 years, 0 days|
|18||Linas Antanas Linkevičius
|Social Democratic Party||Skvernelis||13 December 2016||11 December 2020||3 years, 364 days|
|Homeland Union||Šimonytė||11 December 2020||Incumbent||190 days|
- Lietuvos Respublikos užsienio reikalų ministerija employees (insured) on January 2nd, 2021
- Lithuanian budget for 2021
- "1155 Dėl Lietuvos Respublikos užsienio reikalų ministerijos nuostatų patvirtinimo". www.e-tar.lt. Retrieved 2017-10-19.
- Eidintas, Alfonsas; Bumblauskas, Alfredas; Kulakauskas, Antanas; Tamošaitis, Mindaugas (2013). The History of Lithuania (PDF). Vilnius: Eugrimas. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-12-15. Retrieved 2017-10-19.
- Lithuania's Constitution of 1992 with Amendments through 2006 (PDF). constituteproject.org. 2017.
- "LR Vyriausybės nutarimas dėl Lietuvos Respublikos Užsienio reikalų ministerijos nuostatų patvirtinimo".
- "Lietuvos Respublikos užsienio reikalų ministerijos schematinė struktūra" (PDF).
- Lietuvos Respublikos Užsienio reikalų ministrai 1918-1940. Retrieved on 2008-08-10
- Lietuvos Respublikos Užsienio reikalų ministrai 1990 - 2006. Retrieved on 2008-08-10