Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Lithuania)


The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Respublikos užsienio reikalų ministerija) is a governmental body of the Republic of Lithuania that shapes the national policy, and organises, coordinates, and controls its enforcement in the following areas: foreign affairs and security policy: international relations, economic security, foreign trade, protection of the rights and interests of the Republic of Lithuania and its persons and entities abroad; coordination of European Union membership; representing the Republic of Lithuania abroad diplomatic and consular relations, diplomatic service, Lithuanian national and diplomatic protocol, international relations; the policy of cooperation of the Republic of Lithuania; strengthening of expat connections with Lithuania.[3] The Ministry of Foreign Affairs was established on 4 November 1918, shortly after Lithuania reestablished its independence.[4]

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Užsienio reikalų ministerija
(in Lithuanian)
Ministry overview
Formed17 January 1990; 31 years ago (1990-01-17)
Jurisdiction Republic of Lithuania
HeadquartersJ. Tumo-Vaižganto 2, Naujamiestis,
01511 Vilnius
Employees1,083 permanent employees
(January 2021)[1]
Annual budget€0.093 billion (2021)[2]
Minister responsible
Parent departmentGovernment of Lithuania
Websiteurm.lt
Map
54°41′25.8″N 25°16′11″E

Activity


The head of the Ministry is the foreign minister. The current head of the Ministry is Gabrielius Landsbergis. He is appointed and revoked by the President of the Republic of Lithuania by motion from the Prime Minister.[5] The foreign minister is subordinate to the Parliament, the President, and the Prime Minister of the Republic of Lithuania. The foreign minister supervises the Ministry, deals with matters that lay within its sphere of competence, signs international agreements, ensures the enforcement of regulations the Ministry is tasked to oversee, files bills, ensures the execution of orders from the Government and the Prime Minister of the Republic of Lithuania, approves Strategic Planning Methodology, issues annual reports, coordinates and controls the work of administrational departments of the Ministry, as well as the activities of diplomatic missions, consular establishments and offices of the Republic of Lithuania to international organizations, file motions to the President of the Republic of Lithuania to award the diplomatic ranks of ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary of the Republic of Lithuania, envoy extraordinary of the Republic of Lithuania, and minister plenipotentiary of the Republic of Lithuania, and to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania, to appoint or recall diplomatic representatives (ambassadors extraordinary and plenipotentiary), defines the areas of activity for vice-ministers, and areas of cooperation for the Ministry chancellor.[6]

In his work, the minister is advised by officers of political trust – vice-ministers. The Ministry may not have more than four of them. They organise and control execution of orders, the drafting and approval of draft regulations, and represent the minister by assignment, presenting the minister's political attitudes and decisions to the public.

The analysis, planning, formation, coordination, and enforcement of Lithuania's foreign policy is done by the political director of the Foreign Ministry. The director's functions include high-level representation of Lithuania abroad. The political director is involved in the activities of the Ministry's management, cooperates with the Ministry's administrative departments, domestic and foreign institutions, bodies, and individual partners. The director also supervises the formation, enforcement, and development of the security policy and cooperation with foreign countries, regions, and international organizations, the strengthening of the Eastern neighborhood policy, human rights and democracy, European policy, trans-Atlantic and developmental cooperation, and support of democracy.

The head of the Ministry's administration is the chancellor. The chancellor coordinates and controls the activities of the Ministry's administrative departments, ensures that financial and intellectual resources, assets and information are used optimally to achieve the Ministry's strategic operating goals and objectives.

The foreign minister has an advisory institution, the so-called board.[7]

Structure


By order approved on 26 January 2016, the Foreign Ministry has 19 departments:

  1. The Policy Planning Department
  2. The United Nations, International Organisations, and Human Rights Department
  3. The European Countries Department
  4. The Developmental Cooperation Department
  5. The Latin America, Africa, Asia, and Oceania Department
  6. The Foreign Lithuanians Department
  7. The European Union Department
  8. The External Economic Relations Department
  9. The Economic Security Policy Department
  10. The Human Resources Department
  11. The Administrative Department
  12. The Information Technology Department
  13. The Financial Department
  14. The National and Diplomatic Protocol Department
  15. The Legal and International Contracts Department
  16. The Consular Department
  17. The Eastern Neighborhood Policy Department
  18. The Trans-Atlantic Cooperation and Security Policy Department
  19. The Information and Public Relations Department

Ministers


  Democratic Labour Party   Homeland Union   New Union   Social Democratic Party   Independent

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Term Minister Party Cabinet Office
Start date End date Time in office
1 Algirdas Saudargas
(born 1948)
Homeland Union Prunskienė 17 January 1990 10 January 1991 358 days
2 Algirdas Saudargas
(born 1948)
Homeland Union Šimėnas 10 January 1991 13 January 1991 3 days
3 Algirdas Saudargas
(born 1948)
Homeland Union Vagnorius 13 January 1991 21 July 1992 1 year, 190 days
4 Algirdas Saudargas
(born 1948)
Homeland Union Abišala 21 July 1992 17 December 1992 149 days
5 Povilas Gylys
(born 1948)
Democratic Labour Party Lubys 17 December 1992 31 March 1993 104 days
6 Povilas Gylys
(born 1948)
Democratic Labour Party Šleževičius 31 March 1993 19 March 1996 2 years, 354 days
7 Povilas Gylys
(born 1948)
Democratic Labour Party Stankevičius 19 March 1996 10 December 1996 266 days
8 Algirdas Saudargas
(born 1948)
Homeland Union Vagnorius 10 December 1996 10 June 1999 2 years, 182 days
9 Algirdas Saudargas
(born 1948)
Homeland Union Paksas 10 June 1999 11 November 1999 154 days
10 Algirdas Saudargas
(born 1948)
Homeland Union Kubilius 11 November 1999 9 November 2000 365 days
11 Antanas Valionis
(born 1950)
New Union Paksas 9 November 2000 12 July 2001 245 days
12 Antanas Valionis
(born 1950)
New Union Brazauskas 12 July 2001 14 December 2004 3 years, 155 days
13 Antanas Valionis
(born 1950)
New Union Brazauskas 14 December 2004 18 July 2006 1 year, 216 days
14 Petras Vaitiekūnas
(born 1953)
Independent Kirkilas 18 July 2006 9 December 2008 2 years, 144 days
15 Vygaudas Ušackas
(born 1962)
Independent Kubilius 9 December 2008 26 January 2010 1 year, 48 days
16 Audronius Ažubalis
(born 1958)
Homeland Union 29 January 2010 13 December 2012 2 years, 319 days
17 Linas Antanas Linkevičius
(born 1961)
Social Democratic Party Butkevičius 13 December 2012 13 December 2016 4 years, 0 days
18 Linas Antanas Linkevičius
(born 1961)
Social Democratic Party Skvernelis 13 December 2016 11 December 2020 3 years, 364 days
Independent
19 Gabrielius Landsbergis
(born 1982)
Homeland Union Šimonytė 11 December 2020 Incumbent 190 days

References


Sources