Minority rights

Minority rights are the normal individual rights as applied to members of racial, ethnic, class, religious, linguistic or gender and sexual minorities; and also the collective rights accorded to any minority group.

Civil-rights movements often seek to ensure that individual rights are not denied on the basis of membership in a minority group. Such civil-rights advocates include the global women's-rights and global LGBT-rights movements, and various racial-minority rights movements around the world (such as the Civil Rights Movement in the United States).

The infringement of fundamental human rights is intolerable by the democratic nation-states. However, it is argued that a nation state's principles of nationalism may provoke oppressive and discriminatory action towards the fundamental human rights of minority groups. The First argument of nationalism imposing discriminatory measures upon its citizens can be exemplified through French nationalism. France is regarded as a democratic secular state; a principle of French nationalism is enforcing the ideology of equality and women's rights.

The Muslim ban illustrates that nationalistic principles can impose on the fundamental human right of freedom of choice. Specifically, in the choice of personal religious attire for minority groups in the western hemisphere; French Muslim women. The 2010-1192 act exemplifies advocacy for women's rights in French nationalism but the imposes on a woman’s freedom of choice. [1]

Issues of minority rights may intersect with debates over historical redress[2] or over positive discrimination.[3]