Model United Nations

Model United Nations, also known as model UN or MUN, is an educational simulation in which students can learn about diplomacy, international relations, and the United Nations. At an MUN conference, students work as the representative of a country, organization, or person, and must solve a problem with other delegates from around the world.[1] MUN teaches participants research, speaking, debating, and writing skills, in addition to critical thinking, teamwork, and leadership abilities.[2][3] Usually an extracurricular activity, some schools also offer model UN as a class. It is meant to engage students and allow them to develop deeper understanding into current world issues.[4]

Delegates attending a committee session at Jakarta MUN (JMUN) in Jakarta, Indonesia
Conference assembly at Turkish International Model United Nations in Istanbul, Turkey

Delegates conduct research before conferences: they must formulate position papers and create policy proposals that they will debate with other delegates in their committee.[1] At the end of a conference, delegates will vote on written policies, called draft resolutions, with the goal of passing them with a majority vote. The best-performing delegates in each committee, as well as delegations, are sometimes recognized with awards.

Model UN participants include students at the middle school, high school, and college/university levels, with most conferences catering to just one of these three levels (high school and college conferences being most common).[5] Delegates usually attend conferences together as delegations sent by their respective schools' or universities' model UN clubs, though some delegates attend conferences independently.[6]