Moderate Party

The Moderate Party (Swedish: Moderata samlingspartiet [mʊdɛˈrɑ̌ːta ˈsâmːlɪŋspaˌʈiːɛt] (listen),[7] lit.'Moderate Coalition Party'; M), commonly referred to as the Moderates (Moderaterna [mʊdɛˈrɑ̌ːtɛɳa] (listen)), is a liberal-conservative[8][9][10][11] political party in Sweden. The party generally supports tax cuts, the free market, civil liberties and economic liberalism.[12] Internationally, it is a full member of the International Democrat Union[13] and the European People's Party.[14]

Moderate Party
Moderata samlingspartiet
ChairmanUlf Kristersson
SecretaryKarin Enström
Parliamentary group leaderMattias Karlsson
Founded17 October 1904; 118 years ago (1904-10-17)
HeadquartersBlasieholmsgatan 4A, Norrmalm, Stockholm
Student wingModerate Students (official)
Confederation of Swedish Conservative and Liberal Students (unofficial)
Youth wingModerate Youth League
LGBT wingOpen Moderates
Membership (2020) 40,602[1]
IdeologyLiberal conservatism[2]
Political positionCentre-right[3][4]
European affiliationEuropean People's Party
International affiliationInternational Democrat Union
European Parliament groupEuropean People's Party
Nordic affiliationConservative Group
Colours  Dark blue
  Light blue
SloganDen nya svenska modellen ("The new Swedish Model!")
En hoppfull framtid för Sverige ("A hopeful future for Sweden!")
68 / 349
European Parliament
4 / 21
County councils[5]
339 / 1,597
Municipal councils[6]
2,435 / 12,780

The party was founded in 1904 as the General Electoral League (Allmänna valmansförbundet [ˈâlːmɛnːa ˈvɑ̂ːlmansfœrˌbɵndɛt] (listen)) by a group of conservatives in the Riksdag, the Swedish parliament. The party was later known as The Right (Högern [ˈhø̌ːɡɛɳ] (listen); 1938–1952) and Right Wing Party (Högerpartiet [ˈhø̂ːɡɛrpaˌʈiːɛt] (listen); 1952–1969).[15] During this time, the party was usually called the Conservative Party outside of Sweden.

After holding minor posts in centre-right governments, the Moderates eventually became the leading opposition party to the Swedish Social Democratic Party and since then those two parties have dominated Swedish politics. After the 1991 Swedish general election, party leader Carl Bildt formed a minority government, the first administration since 1930 to be headed by a member of the party which lasted three years. Under party leader and Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt, the party was returned in government after the 2006 and 2010 general elections. In 2010, the party was the leading member of the Alliance, a centre-right coalition, along with the Centre Party (C), the Christian Democrats (KD) and the Liberal People's Party (L), and obtained its best result ever (30.1%), despite the coalition not being able to obtain majority.[16]

The current chairman of the party, Ulf Kristersson, was elected at a special party congress on 1 October 2017, following Anna Kinberg Batra's sudden resignation. Kinberg Batra had replaced Reinfeldt, Prime Minister from 2006 to 2014. Under Reinfeldt's leadership, the party moved more towards the centre.[17] Under Kristersson's leadership, the party moved back to the right and opened up to the Sweden Democrats (SD) following the 2018 Swedish general election.[4] Having formed in late 2021 an informal right-wing alliance with SD and former Alliance members, KD and L, with Kristersson as the prime ministerial candidate, the right-wing bloc obtained a narrow win in the 2022 Swedish general election.[18][19]

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