Modern Monetary Theory

Modern Monetary Theory or Modern Money Theory (MMT) is a heterodox[1] macroeconomic theory that describes currency as a public monopoly and unemployment as evidence that a currency monopolist is overly restricting the supply of the financial assets needed to pay taxes and satisfy savings desires.[2][3] MMT is opposed to mainstream understanding of macroeconomic theory, and has been criticized by many mainstream economists.[4][5][6]

MMT says that governments create new money by using fiscal policy and that the primary risk once the economy reaches full employment is inflation, which can be addressed by gathering taxes to reduce the spending capacity of the private sector.[7] MMT is debated with active dialogues about its theoretical integrity,[8] the implications of the policy recommendations of its proponents, and the extent to which it is actually divergent from orthodox macroeconomics.[9]