Montenegrin language

Montenegrin (/ˌmɒntɪˈnɡrɪn/ MON-tə-NEE-grin; crnogorski / црногорски) is a normative variety of the Serbo-Croatian language[6] mainly used by Montenegrins and is the official language of Montenegro. Montenegrin is based on the most widespread dialect of Serbo-Croatian, Shtokavian, more specifically on Eastern Herzegovinian, which is also the basis of Standard Croatian, Serbian, and Bosnian.[7]

Montenegrin
crnogorski / црногорски
Pronunciation[tsr̩nǒɡorskiː]
Native toMontenegro
EthnicityMontenegrins
Native speakers
232,600[1][dubious ] (2019) 
Cyrillic (Montenegrin alphabet)
Latin (Montenegrin alphabet)
Yugoslav Braille
Official status
Official language in
 Montenegro
Recognised minority
language in
 Bosnia and Herzegovina[2]
Mali Iđoš municipality (Vojvodina, Serbia)[3]
Regulated byBoard for Standardization of the Montenegrin Language
Language codes
ISO 639-2cnr [4]
ISO 639-3cnr [5]
Glottologmont1282
Linguaspherepart of 53-AAA-g
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Montenegro's language has historically and traditionally been called either Serbian, Montenegrin,[8][9][10][11] or "Our language",[8]. The idea of a standardized Montenegrin standard language separate from Serbian appeared in the 1990s during the breakup of Yugoslavia, through proponents of Montenegrin independence from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. Montenegrin became the official language of Montenegro with the ratification of a new constitution on 22 October 2007.