Morelos

Morelos (Spanish pronunciation: [moˈɾelos] (listen)), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Morelos (Spanish: Estado Libre y Soberano de Morelos), is one of the 32 states which comprise the Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided into 36 municipalities[13][14] and its capital city is Cuernavaca.

Morelos
Free and Sovereign State of Morelos
Estado Libre y Soberano de Morelos (Spanish)
Motto(s): 
Tierra y Libertad
(Land and Liberty)
(Coat of arms: "La tierra volverá a quienes la trabajan con sus manos [The land will be returned to those who work it with their hands]")
Anthem: Marcha Morelense
State of Morelos within Mexico
Coordinates: 18°45′N 99°4′W[1]
CountryMexico
CapitalCuernavaca
Largest CityCuernavaca
Municipalities36
AdmissionApril 17, 1869[2]
Order27th
Government
  GovernorCuauhtémoc Blanco (MORENA)
  Senators[3]Lucía Virginia Meza Guzmán
Radamés Salazar Solorio [lower-alpha 1]
Ángel García Yáñez
  Deputies[5]
Area
  Total4,893 km2 (1,889 sq mi)
  Water11.8 km2 (4.6 sq mi)
 Ranked 30th
Elevation
1,418 m (4,652 ft)
Highest elevation5,419 m (17,779 ft)
Lowest elevation
800 m (2,600 ft)
Population
 (2020)[10]
  Total1,971,520
  Rank23rd
  Density400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
  Density rank2nd
Demonym(s)Morelense
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Postal code
62
Area code
ISO 3166 codeMX-MOR
HDI 0.775 high Ranked 18th
GDPUS$ 7,557.55 mil[a]
WebsiteOfficial Web Site
^ a. The state's GDP was 96,736,678 thousand of pesos in 2008,[11] amount corresponding to 7,557,552.968 thousand of dollars, being a dollar worth 12.80 pesos (value of June 3, 2010).[12]

Morelos is a landlocked state located in South Central Mexico. It is bordered by the states of México to the northeast and northwest, Puebla to the east, and Guerrero to the southwest. Mexico City is situated north of Morelos.

Morelos is the second-smallest state in the nation, just after Tlaxcala. It was part of a very large province, the State of Mexico, until 1869, when Benito Juárez decreed that its territory would be separated and named in honor of José María Morelos y Pavón, who defended the city of Cuautla from royalist forces during the Mexican War of Independence. Most of the state enjoys a warm climate year-round, which is good for the raising of sugar cane and other crops. Morelos has attracted visitors from the Valley of Mexico since Aztec times.

The state is also known for the Chinelos, a type of costumed dancer that appears at festivals, especially Carnival, which is celebrated in a number of communities in the state. It is also home to the Monasteries on the slopes of Popocatépetl, a designated World Heritage Site.