Morelos (Spanish pronunciation: [moˈɾelos] (listen)), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Morelos (Spanish: Estado Libre y Soberano de Morelos), is one of the 32 states which comprise the Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided into 36 municipalities and its capital city is Cuernavaca.
|Free and Sovereign State of Morelos|
Estado Libre y Soberano de Morelos (Spanish)
Tierra y Libertad(Land and Liberty)
(Coat of arms: "La tierra volverá a quienes la trabajan con sus manos [The land will be returned to those who work it with their hands]")
|Anthem: Marcha Morelense|
|Admission||April 17, 1869|
|• Governor||Cuauhtémoc Blanco (MORENA)|
|• Senators||Lucía Virginia Meza Guzmán |
Radamés Salazar Solorio
Ángel García Yáñez
|• Total||4,893 km2 (1,889 sq mi)|
|• Water||11.8 km2 (4.6 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,418 m (4,652 ft)|
|Highest elevation||5,419 m (17,779 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||800 m (2,600 ft)|
|• Density||400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||2nd|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|ISO 3166 code||MX-MOR|
|HDI||0.775 high Ranked 18th|
|GDP||US$ 7,557.55 mil[a]|
|Website||Official Web Site|
|^ a. The state's GDP was 96,736,678 thousand of pesos in 2008, amount corresponding to 7,557,552.968 thousand of dollars, being a dollar worth 12.80 pesos (value of June 3, 2010).|
Morelos is a landlocked state located in South Central Mexico. It is bordered by the states of México to the northeast and northwest, Puebla to the east, and Guerrero to the southwest. Mexico City is situated north of Morelos.
Morelos is the second-smallest state in the nation, just after Tlaxcala. It was part of a very large province, the State of Mexico, until 1869, when Benito Juárez decreed that its territory would be separated and named in honor of José María Morelos y Pavón, who defended the city of Cuautla from royalist forces during the Mexican War of Independence. Most of the state enjoys a warm climate year-round, which is good for the raising of sugar cane and other crops. Morelos has attracted visitors from the Valley of Mexico since Aztec times.
The state is also known for the Chinelos, a type of costumed dancer that appears at festivals, especially Carnival, which is celebrated in a number of communities in the state. It is also home to the Monasteries on the slopes of Popocatépetl, a designated World Heritage Site.