Mosaic (web browser)

NCSA Mosaic is a discontinued web browser, one of the first to be widely available. It was instrumental in popularizing the World Wide Web and the general Internet by integrating multimedia such as text and graphics.[3][4][5] It is a client for earlier internet protocols such as File Transfer Protocol, Network News Transfer Protocol, and Gopher. It was named for its support of multiple Internet protocols.[6] Its intuitive interface, reliability, personal computer support, and simple installation all contributed to its popularity within the web.[7] Mosaic is the first browser to display images inline with text instead of in a separate window.[8] It is often described as the first graphical web browser, though it was preceded by WorldWideWeb, the lesser-known Erwise,[9] and ViolaWWW.

NCSA Mosaic
NCSA Mosaic 2.7 for Unix
Original author(s)
Initial release0.5 / January 23, 1993; 29 years ago (1993-01-23)[1]
Final release
3.0  / 7 January 1997; 25 years ago (7 January 1997)
Written inC[2]
Available inEnglish
TypeWeb browser

Mosaic was developed at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA)[8] at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign beginning in late 1992. NCSA released it in 1993,[10] and officially discontinued development and support on January 7, 1997.[11]

Starting in 1995, Mosaic lost market share to Netscape Navigator and only had a tiny fraction of users left by 1997, when the project was discontinued. Microsoft licensed Mosaic to create Internet Explorer in 1995.

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