Mother Jones

Mary G. Harris Jones (1837 (baptized) 30 November 1930), known as Mother Jones from 1897 onwards, was an Irish-born American schoolteacher and dressmaker who became a prominent union organizer, community organizer, and activist. She helped coordinate major strikes and co-founded the Industrial Workers of the World.

Mother Jones
Jones in 1902
Born
Mary G. Harris

Cork, Ireland
Baptized1 August 1837
Died30 November 1930 (aged 93)
Occupation
  • Union organizer
  • community organizer
  • activist
  • schoolteacher
  • dressmaker

After Jones' husband and four children all died of yellow fever in 1867, and her dress shop was destroyed in the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, she became an organizer for the Knights of Labor and the United Mine Workers union. In 1902, she was called "the most dangerous woman in America" for her success in organizing mine workers and their families against the mine owners. In 1903, to protest the lax enforcement of the child labor laws in the Pennsylvania mines and silk mills, she organized a children's march from Philadelphia to the home of President Theodore Roosevelt in New York.