Edough Massif

The Edough Massif, Edough Mountains or Djebel Edough (Arabic: جبل إيدوغ jabal edūġ) is a mountain range of the Maghreb area in Northern Africa.[2]

Edough Massif
Adrar n Dduɣ / جبل إيدوغ
View of the Edough Massif with snow
Highest point
PeakBou Zizi
Elevation1,008 m (3,307 ft)
Coordinates36°52′0″N 7°39′0″E[1]
Parent rangeTell Atlas
OrogenyAlpine orogeny
Age of rockMiocene
Type of rockCrystalline metamorphic


These mountains are a segment of the Tell Atlas alpine chain of eastern Algeria that is part of the wider Atlas Range. The Edough Massif stretches between the Cap de Garde and the Cap de Fer.

The highest point of the massif is the Bou Zizi (1008 m), located between Annaba and El Marsa.

Geologically, these mountains are a Miocene crystalline metamorphic core complex.[3]


The Edough Massif has a Mediterranean forest cover where the cork oak (Quercus suber), a hardy Mediterranean tree, predominates. Snow is not rare in the winter and the mountains are often covered with fog, which allows ferns to grow among the undergrowth.

The forest of the Edough Massif is very vulnerable to wildfires. Vast surfaces have been burned in the last decades.[4]

The Edough Massif was the last home of the lion (Panthera leo) in North Africa. The last lion of Algeria was killed in the Edough Massif in 1890.[5] The massif is also the natural habitat of the Edough ribbed newt (Pleurodeles poireti), an endangered species. The vulnerable North African Fire Salamander (Salamandra algira) is also found in the range. Edoughnura, a genus of springtails belonging to the Neanuridae subfamily, is named after this range.[6]


Roman aqueduct in the Edough Massif.
The Edough Massif was the place where the last lion of Algeria was killed.
The Air Algerie Boeing 737-2D6/Adv named "Edough"

See also


  1. Google Earth
  2. "Arab Encyclopedia – الأطلس (جبال) Atlas Mountains Massif de l'Atlas". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2013-03-18.
  3. Caby, R; Hammor, D; Delor, C (2001), "Metamorphic evolution, partial melting and Miocene exhumation of lower crust in the Edough metamorphic core complex, west Mediterranean orogen, eastern Algeria", Tectonophysics, 342 (3–4): 239, doi:10.1016/S0040-1951(01)00166-4
  4. Vegetation and description
  5. Last North African lion Archived 2007-11-01 at the Wayback Machine
  6. Edoughnura rara n.gen., n.sp., an enigmatic genus of Neanurinae