Mount Erebus

Mount Erebus ( /ˈɛrɪbəs/) is an active volcano, the second-highest in Antarctica (after Mount Sidley) and the southernmost active volcano on Earth. It is the sixth-highest ultra mountain on the continent.[1] With a summit elevation of 3,794 metres (12,448 ft), it is located in the Ross Dependency on Ross Island, which is also home to three inactive volcanoes: Mount Terror, Mount Bird, and Mount Terra Nova.

Mount Erebus
Mount Erebus
Highest point
Elevation3,794 m (12,448 ft)[1]
Prominence3,794 m (12,448 ft)[1]
Ranked 34th
Isolation121 km (75 mi) 
Coordinates77°31′47″S 167°09′12″E[2]
Mount Erebus
Mount Erebus in Antarctica
LocationRoss Island, Antarctica
(claimed by New Zealand as part of the Ross Dependency)
Topo mapRoss Island
Age of rock1.3 million years
Mountain typeStratovolcano (composite cone)
Volcanic beltMcMurdo Volcanic Group
Last eruptionCurrently erupting
First ascent1908 by Edgeworth David and party[3]
Easiest routeBasic snow & ice climb

The volcano has been active since about 1.3 million years ago and has a long lived lava lake in its inner summit crater that has been present since at least the early 1970s.

The volcano was the site of the Air New Zealand Flight 901 accident, which occurred in November 1979.