Munger


Munger is a twin city and a Municipal Corporation situated in the Indian state of Bihar.[6] It is the administrative headquarters of Munger district and Munger Division. It is the 11th largest city of Bihar by population.[7]

Munger
Nickname(s): 
Yoga Nagri[1]
Munger
Location in Bihar, India
Munger
Munger (India)
Coordinates: 25.381°N 86.465°E / 25.381; 86.465
Country India
StateBihar
DistrictMunger
Established1834
Founded byChandragupta Maurya
Government
  TypeMunicipal Corporation
  BodyMunger Municipal Corporation
  MayorRuma Raj
  Municipal CommissionerSrikant Shastri[2]
Area
  Total17 km2 (7 sq mi)
Elevation
43 m (141 ft)
Population
 (2011)[4]
  Total213,101 (City area)
  Rank11th in Bihar
Demonym(s)Mungeri
Language
  OfficialHindi[5]
  Additional officialUrdu[5]
  OthersAngika, hindi, English, Maithili
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
811201 to 811214 , 813201
Telephone code+91-6344
Vehicle registrationBR-08
Websitemunger.nic.in

Historically, Munger is known for being an ancient seat of rule. The twin city comprises Munger and Jamalpur situated on the southern bank of the river Ganges.[8] It is situated 60 km west of Bhagalpur, and 180 km east of capital city Patna.

Kastaharni Ghat

Munger is said to have been founded by the Guptas (4th century CE) and contains a fort that houses the tomb of the Muslim saint Shah Mushk Nafā (died 1497). In 1763 Mīr Qasīm, nawab of Bengal, made Munger his capital and built an arsenal and several palaces. It was constituted a municipality in 1864.

Geography


Climate

The climate of Munger is subtropical (warm in summer and cold during winter). The Köppen climate classification sub-type for this climate is humid subtropical.[9]

Climate data for Munger, India
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.5
(74.3)
26.4
(79.6)
32.5
(90.5)
37.0
(98.6)
37.9
(100.3)
35.5
(95.9)
31.9
(89.4)
31.2
(88.1)
31.5
(88.7)
30.8
(87.5)
27.7
(81.9)
24.2
(75.6)
30.8
(87.5)
Average low °C (°F) 9.4
(48.9)
11.9
(53.4)
16.9
(62.4)
21.8
(71.3)
24.6
(76.3)
25.4
(77.7)
24.9
(76.8)
24.8
(76.6)
24.2
(75.5)
20.9
(69.7)
14.4
(57.9)
10
(50)
19.1
(66.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 15
(0.6)
18
(0.7)
13
(0.5)
13
(0.5)
41
(1.6)
170
(6.8)
300
(11.7)
280
(11)
230
(8.9)
81
(3.2)
5.1
(0.2)
2.5
(0.1)
1,160
(45.7)
Source: weatherbase[9]

Demographics


As per 2011 census, Munger Municipal Corporation has a total population of 213,101 out of which 113,173 were males and 99,928 were females. It had a sex ratio of 883. The population between 0 to 6 years was 29,260. The literacy rate of the 7+ population was 81.83 per cent.[10]

Religion in Munger
Religion
Hinduism
81.01%
Islam
18.02%
Christians
0.20%
Sikhism
0.04%
Others
0.34%
Distribution of religions[11]

Economy


Indian Railways operates of Asia's largest and oldest railway workshops at Jamalpur. This was set up by the British Raj in 1862.[12]

Munger has also ITC Factory established by British. Ordinance Gun Factory Munger , ITC Milk Dairy and many others.[citation needed]

Places of interest


Transport


Rail

Munger Railway Station

Munger has two railway stations known as: Jamalpur Junction and Munger Railway Station. The former is the main railhead for the city while the latter, which was earlier called Purabsarai Railway Station, acts as suburban facility. Stations are connected with Sahibganj Loop.

The rail system provides connection to cities such as New Delhi, , Lokmanya Tilak Terminus, Surat, Yesvantpur Junction, Jamshedpur, Jammu Tawi, Dibrugarh, Guwahati, Lucknow, Patna, Ranchi, Agartala, Hyderabad, Deoghar Junction, Muzaffarpur Junction and Dhanbad. The Munger Ganga Bridge, which takes both rail and road-traffic, connects Munger to the nearby cities of Begusarai, Saharsa Junction, Katihar and Khagaria Junction as well as various districts of North Bihar.[21] The bridge is the third-largest rail-cum-road bridge in India.[22]

Road

Munger is connected to major parts of India by various National and State Highways. The major cities of Bihar and Jharkhand - such as Patna, Ranchi, Bhagalpur, Purnia, Bihar sharif, Muzaffarpur, Jamshedpur, Dhanbad, Gaya, Bokaro and Darbhanga - can be reached by NH 33, NH 333B, NH 333A, NH 31 and NH 333 and various state Highways. Regular bus service are provided by BSRTC for all the major cities and other destinations. Citybuses, Taxies, Autorikshaw, E-Rickshaw, etc. are available all the times in the entire city for transportation.

The Munger Ganga Bridge is under construction (Road part) and will link Munger to various districts of North Bihar and north-eastern India by 2021.[citation needed]

Air

Munger Airport is located in Safyabad, which is 5 km from Munger. It was re-inaugurated by Chief Minister Nitish Kumar on 24 May 2016.[23][24] Munger has no international airport with commercial service. Domestic airport with commercial service is Jay Prakash Narayan Airport in Patna around 180 km away, which is served by all major airlines.

Nearest international airport is Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport in Kolkata Which is around 480 km away from Munger.

Education


Notable people


References


  1. "Economy | Munger District, Government of Bihar | India". munger.nic.in. Retrieved 17 March 2021.
  2. "बिहार में चार IAS अफसरों का तबादला, श्रीकांत शास्त्री बने मुंगेर नगर निगम आयुक्त". Dainik Jagran (in Hindi). 9 March 2019. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
  3. "Munger City" (PDF). nagarseva.bihar.gov.in. Retrieved 22 November 2020.
  4. "Census of India Search details". censusindia.gov.in. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  5. "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  6. "CDP Munger" (PDF). Urban department, Government of Bihar. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  7. "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  8. "CDP Jamalpur" (PDF). Urban Department, Government of Bihar. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 May 2016. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  9. "weatherbase.com". weatherbase. 2014. Archived from the original on 12 July 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2017. Retrieved on 8 April 2014.
  10. "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 May 2012. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  11. "Census of india:Socio-cultural aspects". Government of India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 9 March 2014.[permanent dead link]
  12. Kumod Verma (28 November 2013). "Minister releases stamp on Jamalpur railway workshop". Times of India. TNN. Archived from the original on 3 July 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  13. "Sita Kund | Munger District, Government of Bihar | India". Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  14. "कुदरत का करिश्मा, ठंड में भी यहां बहता है गर्म पानी". Hindustan (in Hindi). 13 October 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  15. Bihar, Incredible Munger (28 December 2018). "10 best places to visit in Munger during new year". IM-BIHAR. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  16. Bihar, Incredible Munger (25 March 2020). "Pir Pahar: The heritage site of Munger, Bihar". IM-BIHAR. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  17. "मुंगेर में इको पार्क का आनंद ले सकेंगे पर्यटक". Hindustan (in Hindi). 5 October 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  18. "Mir Kasim Tunnel | Munger District, Government of Bihar | India". Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  19. "Pir Shah Nafah Shrine | Munger District, Government of Bihar | India". Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  20. "Goyanka Shivalaya (Mirchi Talab) | Munger District, Government of Bihar | India". Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  21. Kumod Verma (15 April 2013). "Munger bridge likely to be operational by 2014 year end". The Times of India. TNN. Archived from the original on 8 December 2014. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  22. "Top ten rail road bridges in india". Walk Through India. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  23. "मुख्यमंत्री ने हवाई अड्डा टर्मिनल का किया उद्घाटन". Dainik Jagran (in Hindi). Munger. 24 May 2016. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  24. Kashi Prasad (19 May 2016). "Nitish to open renovated airstrip". The Times of India. Munger. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  25. Kumar, Madan (2 July 2018). "Former MP Monazir Hassan returns to JD(U) after a gap of four years". The Times of India. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  26. Rajalakshmi, T. K. (30 June 2006). "Scholar of society". Frontline. 23 (12). Archived from the original on 11 June 2011.