Munger is a twin city and a Municipal Corporation situated in the Indian state of Bihar. It is the administrative headquarters of Munger district and Munger Division. It is the 11th largest city of Bihar by population.
|Founded by||Chandragupta Maurya|
|• Type||Municipal Corporation|
|• Body||Munger Municipal Corporation|
|• Mayor||Ruma Raj|
|• Municipal Commissioner||Srikant Shastri|
|• Total||17 km2 (7 sq mi)|
|Elevation||43 m (141 ft)|
|• Total||213,101 (City area)|
|• Rank||11th in Bihar|
|• Additional official||Urdu|
|• Others||Angika, hindi, English, Maithili|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
811201 to 811214 , 813201
Historically, Munger is known for being an ancient seat of rule. The twin city comprises Munger and Jamalpur situated on the southern bank of the river Ganges. It is situated 60 km west of Bhagalpur, and 180 km east of capital city Patna.
Munger is said to have been founded by the Guptas (4th century CE) and contains a fort that houses the tomb of the Muslim saint Shah Mushk Nafā (died 1497). In 1763 Mīr Qasīm, nawab of Bengal, made Munger his capital and built an arsenal and several palaces. It was constituted a municipality in 1864.
|Climate data for Munger, India|
|Average high °C (°F)||23.5
|Average low °C (°F)||9.4
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||15
As per 2011 census, Munger Municipal Corporation has a total population of 213,101 out of which 113,173 were males and 99,928 were females. It had a sex ratio of 883. The population between 0 to 6 years was 29,260. The literacy rate of the 7+ population was 81.83 per cent.
Munger has also ITC Factory established by British. Ordinance Gun Factory Munger , ITC Milk Dairy and many others.
Places of interest
- Munger Fort, covers an area of around 222 acres
- Chandika Asthan, a sacred Shakti-Peeth
- Kastaharni Ghat on the Ganges
- Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary
- Bihar School of Yoga
- Sita Kund hotspring
- Rishi Kund hotspring
- Pir Pahar
- Jai Prakash Udyaan / Company Garden
- Dolphin ECO Park for the conservation of Gangetic river dolphin.
- Mir Qasim's Tunnel
- Peer Shah Nafah Shrine
- Kharagpur Jheel (Lake)
- Goenka Shivalaya / Machli Talab
Munger has two railway stations known as: Jamalpur Junction and Munger Railway Station. The former is the main railhead for the city while the latter, which was earlier called Purabsarai Railway Station, acts as suburban facility. Stations are connected with Sahibganj Loop.
The rail system provides connection to cities such as New Delhi, , Lokmanya Tilak Terminus, Surat, Yesvantpur Junction, Jamshedpur, Jammu Tawi, Dibrugarh, Guwahati, Lucknow, Patna, Ranchi, Agartala, Hyderabad, Deoghar Junction, Muzaffarpur Junction and Dhanbad. The Munger Ganga Bridge, which takes both rail and road-traffic, connects Munger to the nearby cities of Begusarai, Saharsa Junction, Katihar and Khagaria Junction as well as various districts of North Bihar. The bridge is the third-largest rail-cum-road bridge in India.
Munger is connected to major parts of India by various National and State Highways. The major cities of Bihar and Jharkhand - such as Patna, Ranchi, Bhagalpur, Purnia, Bihar sharif, Muzaffarpur, Jamshedpur, Dhanbad, Gaya, Bokaro and Darbhanga - can be reached by NH 33, NH 333B, NH 333A, NH 31 and NH 333 and various state Highways. Regular bus service are provided by BSRTC for all the major cities and other destinations. Citybuses, Taxies, Autorikshaw, E-Rickshaw, etc. are available all the times in the entire city for transportation.
Munger Airport is located in Safyabad, which is 5 km from Munger. It was re-inaugurated by Chief Minister Nitish Kumar on 24 May 2016. Munger has no international airport with commercial service. Domestic airport with commercial service is Jay Prakash Narayan Airport in Patna around 180 km away, which is served by all major airlines.
- Bihar School of Yoga is one of the notable organizations in the field of Yoga established in 1964 by Satyananda Saraswati.
- Indian Railway Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
- Biswanath Singh Institute of Legal Studies
- Munger University
- Nandalal Bose, sculptor and painter
- George Browne, 6th Marquess of Sligo (1856–1935), Anglo-Irish aristocrat, born in Munger
- Mona Das - Washington State Senate
- Brahmanand Mandal - Former MP from Munger Lok Sabha constituency
- Wali Rahmani - General Secretary of All India Muslim Personal Law Board of India
- Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, poet
- Monazir Hassan -four-time MLA from Munger and one-time member of the Indian Parliament in 15th Lok Sabha (2009 to 2014) and represented Begusarai (Lok Sabha constituency).
- Krishna Singh, first Chief Minister of Bihar and a freedom fighter
- Kumar Suresh Singh, Director-General of Anthropological Survey of India
- Udit Narayan Singh of Shakarpura Raj Zamindari- local benefactor
- Niranjanananda Saraswati, yoga Guru
- Satyananda Saraswati, founder of Bihar School of Yoga
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