Munger district


Munger district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state in eastern India. Munger city is the administrative headquarters of this district. Munger district is a part of Munger Division. Its literacy rate of 73.3% is higher than the state literacy rate of 63.8% and lower than national rate of 74.04.

Munger district
Hills in Jamalpur, Munger district
Location of Munger district in Bihar
CountryIndia
StateBihar
DivisionMunger
HeadquartersMunger
Government
  Lok Sabha constituenciesMunger
  Vidhan Sabha constituenciesTarapur, Jamalpur and Munger
Area
  Total1,419.7 km2 (548.1 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
  Total1,367,765
  Density960/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Demographics
  Literacy73.30 per cent
  Sex ratio879
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH-80, NH-333 , NH-333B
Average annual precipitation1146 mm
Websitehttp://munger.bih.nic.in

The present collector and District Magistrate of Munger is Rachna Patil, IAS.[1]

History


Munger has seen five districts partitioned off from its territory: Begusarai in 1976;[2] Khagaria in 1988;[2] and Jamui in 1991;[3] and Lakhisarai district and Sheikhpura in 1994.[4][5]

Geography


Munger District is located in the southern part of Bihar and its headquarters is located on the southern bank of river Ganges. Munger district occupies an area of 1,419 square kilometres (548 sq mi),[6]

Economy


In 2006, the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Munger one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[7] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar have been receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[7]

Demographics


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901339,678    
1911350,312+0.31%
1921333,110−0.50%
1931375,095+1.19%
1941424,049+1.23%
1951468,646+1.01%
1961555,833+1.72%
1971657,390+1.69%
1981801,071+2.00%
1991943,583+1.65%
20011,137,797+1.89%
20111,367,765+1.86%
source:[8]

Religion

Religions in Mungar District
Religion Percent
Hindus
91.56%
Muslims
8.07%
Not Stated
0.19%
Christian
0.13%
Sikh
0.02%
Buddhist
0.01%
Jain
0.01%
Others
0.00%

According to the 2011 census Munger district has a population of 1,367,765,[9] roughly equal to the nation of Swaziland[10] or the US state of Hawaii.[11] This gives it a ranking of 358th in India (out of a total of 640).[9] The district has a population density of 958 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,480/sq mi) .[9] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.45%.[9] Munger has a sex ratio of 879 females for every 1000 males,[9] and a literacy rate of 73.3%.[9]

Languages

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 92.57% of the population in the district spoke Hindi and 6.10% Urdu as their first language.[12]

Flora and fauna


In 1976, Munger district became home to the Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 682 km2 (263.3 sq mi).[13] comparatively equivalent to Russia's Urup Island.[14]

References


  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-12-19. Retrieved 2011-10-04.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
  3. "Welcome To District Jamui,(Bihar) Website". jamui.bih.nic.in. Archived from the original on 2011-08-18. Retrieved 2016-07-06.
  4. "Welcome To District Lakhisarai,(Bihar) Website". lakhisarai.bih.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-07-06.
  5. "This is the official website of District Administration of Sheikhpura, State Government of Bihar(India)". sheikhpura.bih.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-07-06.
  6. Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  7. Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  8. Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  9. "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  10. US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Swaziland 1,370,424
  11. "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Hawaii 1,360,301
  12. 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  13. Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Bihar". Archived from the original on August 23, 2011. Retrieved September 25, 2011.
  14. "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Urup 1,436km2