Munster (European Parliament constituency)


Munster was a constituency of the European Parliament in Ireland between 1979 and 2004. It elected 5 Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) in the elections of 1979, 1984 and 1989 and 4 MEPs in the 1994 and 1999 elections using the single transferable vote form of proportional representation (PR-STV).

Munster
European Parliament constituency
Shown within Ireland
Member stateIreland
Created1979
Dissolved2004
MEPs5 (1979–1994)
4 (1994–2004)
Sources

History and boundaries


The constituency was created in 1979 for the first direct elections to the European Parliament. It comprised County Clare, County Cork, County Kerry, County Limerick, County Tipperary and County Waterford from the historic province of Munster including the cities of Cork, Limerick and Waterford.[1] It was abolished under the European Parliament Elections (Amendment) Act 2004 and succeeded by the new South constituency.[2]

MEPs


Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) for Munster 19792009
Key to parties
Parl.ElectionMember
(Party)
Member
(Party)
Member
(Party)
Member
(Party)
Member
(Party)
1st1979[3] T. J. Maher
(Ind)
Tom O'Donnell
(FG)
Eileen Desmond
(Lab)
Jerry Cronin[4]
(FF)
Noel Davern
(FF)
1981[5] Seán Treacy
(Lab)
2nd1984[6] Tom Raftery
(FG)
Sylvester Barrett
(FF)
Gene Fitzgerald
(FF)
3rd1989[7] John Cushnahan
(FG)
Pat Cox
(PD)
Paddy Lane
(FF)
4th1994[8] Brian Crowley
(FF)
Pat Cox
(Ind)
Gerry Collins
(FF)
4 seats
from 1994
5th1999[9]
6th2004 Constituency abolished. See South.

Note: The columns in this table are used only for presentational purposes, and no significance should be attached to the order of columns. For details of the order in which seats were won at each election, see the detailed results of that election.

Elections


1999 election

1999 European Parliament election: Munster[9]
PartyCandidateFPv%Count
123456
Fianna Fáil Brian Crowley 34.4 154,195          
Fianna Fáil Gerry Collins 18.5 83,106 117,783        
Independent Pat Cox 14.3 63,954 76,203 85,257 88,357 95,004  
Fine Gael John Cushnahan 10.3 46,100 49,009 50,496 51,483 53,497 78,232
Fine Gael Jim Corr 7.0 31,363 35,026 37,556 38,693 40,669  
Sinn Féin Martin Ferris 6.5 29,060 31,783 34,435 36,534    
Labour Paula Desmond 6.3 28,270 34,002 36,884 40,746 46,887 52,831
Green Ben Nutty 2.3 10,257 12,330 13,643      
Natural Law Stewart Luck 0.3 1,267 1,602 1,897      
Independent Denis Riordan 0.2 1,007 1,125 1,268      
Electorate: 823,008   Valid: 448,579   Spoilt: 13,724 (2.9%)   Quota: 89,716   Turnout: 462,303 (56.2%)

    All sitting MEPs were re-elected.

    1994 election

    1994 European Parliament election: Munster[10][11]
    PartyCandidateFPv%Count
    123456789101112
    Fianna Fáil Brian Crowley 23.2 84,463                      
    Fianna Fáil Gerry Collins 13.6 49,677 54,399 54,530 55,047 55,522 56,246 57,264 70,834 75,527      
    Fine Gael John Cushnahan 10.1 36,906 37,319 37,448 37,553 37,836 38,488 39,331 40,444 42,726 43,115 46,889 72,018
    Progressive Democrats Desmond O'Malley 8.7 31,674 32,287 32,440 32,596 32,928 33,916 35,957 37,178 39,165 39,516 45,371 49,655
    Fine Gael Tom Raftery 8.6 31,250 31,896 32,012 32,130 32,398 32,923 34,632 35,434 37,718 38,032 40,681  
    Independent Pat Cox 7.7 27,920 29,069 29,333 29,741 30,400 31,905 33,888 35,791 39,766 40,675 48,533 52,495
    Labour Jim Kemmy 7.0 25,486 26,102 26,259 26,703 27,842 29,448 33,155 33,927 36,124 36,533    
    Fianna Fáil Paddy Lane 5.3 19,369 21,050 21,131 21,430 21,642 22,014 22,348          
    Independent Nora Bennis 5.1 18,424 18,971 19,292 19,805 20,265 21,863 24,237 24,982        
    Democratic Left Kathleen Lynch 4.3 15,573 16,127 16,282 16,610 17,316 18,948            
    Green Dan Boyle 2.8 10,033 10,322 10,661 11,395 11,971              
    Workers' Party Martin O'Regan 1.7 6,270 6,367 6,524 6,981                
    Sinn Féin Kieran McCarthy 1.4 5,171 5,285 5,391                  
    Natural Law Stewart Luck 0.2 890 934                    
    Independent Conor Moloney 0.2 858 901                    
    Independent Denis Riordan 0.2 607 627                    
    Electorate: 755,176   Valid: 364,571   Spoilt: 5,319 (1.4%)   Quota: 72,915   Turnout: 369,890 (49.0%)

      The constituency lost a seat and T. J. Maher and Gene Fitzgerald retired. Pat Cox resigned from the Progressive Democrats (PD) but succeeded in narrowly beating the PD leader Desmond O'Malley for the last seat.

      1989 election

      1989 European Parliament election: Munster[12][13]
      PartyCandidateFPv%Count
      12345678910
      Progressive Democrats Pat Cox 17.3 85,558                  
      Fianna Fáil Gene Fitzgerald 13.0 64,139 64,350 64,731 65,277 66,591 68,988 72,389 92,491    
      Independent T. J. Maher 11.2 55,499 55,972 56,653 58,324 60,851 63,515 68,895 71,223 71,738 79,107
      Fine Gael Tom Raftery 8.8 43,528 43,925 44,497 44,923 46,681 48,651 49,971 50,516 50,637  
      Fine Gael John Cushnahan 8.8 43,326 44,208 45,104 46,036 47,191 48,738 50,397 51,444 51,608 79,058
      Fianna Fáil Paddy Lane 8.3 41,152 41,351 41,558 42,024 42,516 43,542 46,303 55,224 64,287 65,671
      Fianna Fáil Jackie Fahey 7.5 37,290 37,430 37,919 38,992 39,417 40,370 42,611      
      Independent Patrick Ryan 6.3 30,934 31,005 31,356 32,021 33,029 35,619        
      Labour Eileen Desmond 6.1 29,979 30,355 30,830 35,709 38,051 45,684 49,435 51,112 51,334 55,407
      Workers' Party Joe Sherlock 5.4 26,828 27,000 27,382 28,221 30,710          
      Independent Joe Noonan 3.2 15,975 16,076 16,466 16,662            
      Labour Michael Ferris 2.8 13,843 13,927 14,150              
      Independent George Salter Townshend 0.5 2,577 2,595                
      Independent William O'Shea 0.4 2,011 2,021                
      Independent Abbey of the Holy Cross Fitzsimons 0.4 1,794 1,812                
      Electorate: 703,913   Valid: 494,433   Spoilt: 10,786 (2.1%)   Quota: 82,406   Turnout: 505,219 (71.8%)

        Tom Raftery of Fine Gael lost his seat to Pat Cox of the Progressive Democrats.

        1984 election

        1984 European Parliament election: Munster[14][15]
        PartyCandidateFPv%Count
        1234567
        Independent T. J. Maher 16.1 55,079 56,840 60,138        
        Fine Gael Tom O'Donnell 15.7 53,832 54,313 55,689 55,923 66,537    
        Fianna Fáil Sylvester Barrett 13.9 47,622 48,947 49,995 50,183 52,019 52,363 53,008
        Fine Gael Tom Raftery 12.9 44,236 44,401 45,806 46,069 52,653 59,968  
        Fianna Fáil Gene Fitzgerald 12.6 43,036 43,987 46,179 46,498 49,456 49,729 50,578
        Fianna Fáil Noel Davern 12.5 42,863 44,100 45,397 45,703 47,644 47,999 48,694
        Labour Eileen Desmond 7.6 26,162 27,080 31,374 32,160      
        Workers' Party Joe Sherlock 5.1 17,304 19,945          
        Sinn Féin Richard Behal 3.7 12,829            
        Electorate: 691,076   Valid: 342,963   Spoilt: 6,216 (1.8%)   Quota: 57,161   Turnout: 349,179 (50.5%)

          Eileen Desmond (substituted by Seán Treacy in 1981) lost the Labour Party seat to Fine Gael, while Noel Davern lost his seat to his Fianna Fáil running mates.

          1979 election

          1979 European Parliament election: Munster[16][17]
          PartyCandidateFPv%Count
          123456789
          Independent T. J. Maher 20.0 86,208                
          Labour Eileen Desmond[5] 12.5 53,614 54,530 57,822 58,711 62,941 67,191 69,055 72,600  
          Fine Gael Tom O'Donnell 10.9 46,820 49,909 50,837 50,994 54,582 65,528 67,004 92,475  
          Fianna Fáil Jerry Cronin[4] 10.1 43,439 44,424 45,123 51,065 52,751 53,624 60,649 61,422 62,312
          Fianna Fáil Noel Davern 8.7 37,647 39,143 40,106 42,705 43,362 43,799 48,332 49,465 50,192
          Fianna Fáil Michael Herbert 7.9 34,034 35,213 35,730 38,645 38,852 39,184 46,311 47,000 47,754
          Fianna Fáil Timothy O'Connor 6.9 29,595 30,524 31,010 32,915 33,201 33,856      
          Fine Gael Jim O'Keeffe 6.0 25,664 27,203 27,483 27,667 29,973        
          Fine Gael John Blair 5.0 21,615 22,217 22,695 23,219          
          Fine Gael Alan Dukes 5.0 21,510 24,666 25,525 25,656 33,172 39,519 40,085    
          Fianna Fáil Seán French 3.9 16,655 16,951 17,327            
          Sinn Féin – The Workers' Party Michael Dunphy 2.7 11,526 11,701              
          Independent Michael B Crowe 0.5 2,268 2,348              
          Electorate: 641,625   Valid: 430,595   Spoilt: 14,597 (3.3%)   Quota: 71,766   Turnout: 445,192 (69.4%)

            See also


            References


            1. "European Assembly Elections Act, 1977: Schedule (Constituencies)". Irish Statute Book database. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
            2. "European Parliament Elections (Amendment) Act 2004: Schedule (Constituencies)". Irish Statute Book database. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
            3. "1979 European Parliament election – Munster constituency". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
            4. Jerry Cronin resigned on 23 May 1984 and his seat was vacant at dissolution.
            5. Eileen Desmond resigned on 7 July 1981 and was substituted by Seán Treacy (LAB / PES) on 9 July 1981.
            6. "1984 European Parliament election – Munster constituency". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
            7. "1989 European Parliament election – Munster constituency". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
            8. "1994 European Parliament election – Munster constituency". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
            9. "1999 European Parliament election – Munster constituency". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
            10. https://www.europarl.europa.eu/ireland/en/your-meps/1994-european-elections-results
            11. http://irelandelection.com/electiondetail.php?elecid=216&constitid=477&electype=7
            12. https://www.europarl.europa.eu/ireland/en/your-meps/1989-european-elections-results
            13. http://irelandelection.com/electiondetail.php?elecid=215&constitid=477&electype=7
            14. https://www.europarl.europa.eu/ireland/en/your-meps/1984-european-elections-results
            15. http://irelandelection.com/electiondetail.php?elecid=214&constitid=477&electype=7
            16. https://www.europarl.europa.eu/ireland/en/your-meps/1979-european-elections-results
            17. http://irelandelection.com/electiondetail.php?elecid=213&constitid=477&electype=7