The Musaeum or Mouseion of Alexandria (Ancient Greek: Μουσεῖον τῆς Ἀλεξανδρείας; Latin: Musaeum Alexandrium), which arguably included the Great Library of Alexandria,[1] was an institution said to have been founded by Ptolemy I Soter and his son Ptolemy II Philadelphus.[2] Originally, the word mouseion meant any place that was dedicated to the Muses, often related to the study of music or poetry, but later associated with sites of learning such as Plato's Academy and Aristotle's Lyceum.[3][4]

Muse statue, a common scholarly motif in the Hellenistic age.

The Ptolemies reputedly established their Mouseion and Library with the intention of bringing together some of the best scholars of the Hellenistic world and collect all the books known at the time.[5][6] Although it did not imply a collection of works of art, the word mouseion is the root for the modern usage of the word museum.

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