Music of the United Kingdom

Throughout its history, the United Kingdom has been a major producer and source of musical creation, drawing its early artistic basis from church music and the ancient and traditional folk music and instrumentation of England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, and Wales. Each of the four countries of the United Kingdom has its own diverse and distinctive folk music forms, which flourished until the era of industrialisation when it began to be replaced by new forms of popular music, including music hall and brass bands. Many British musicians have influenced modern music on a global scale, and the United Kingdom has one of the world's largest music industries. Global music widely developed by British acts include pop, rock, as well as subgenres of the genre; avant-funk, new wave, acid jazz, neo soul, trip hop, dubstep and industrial.[1][2][3]

A Promenade concert at the Royal Albert Hall in 2004

In the 20th century, influences from the music of the United States, including blues, jazz, and rock and roll, became entrenched in the United Kingdom. The "British Invasion"—spearheaded by Liverpool band the Beatles, often regarded as the most influential band of all time[4]—saw British rock bands become highly influential around the world in the 1960s and 1970s. Pop music, a term which originated in Britain in the mid-1950s as a description for "rock and roll and the new youth music styles that it influenced",[5] was developed by British artists like the Beatles and the Rolling Stones,[6] whom among other British musicians led rock and roll's transition into rock music. Subgenres of rock developed or invented by British acts include progressive rock,[7] raga rock, psychedelic rock,[8] art rock,[9] hard rock,[10] space rock, heavy metal,[11] glam rock,[12] gothic rock, and ska punk.[1][2][3]

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