Mzilikazi[1] Khumalo (c. 1790 – 9 September 1868) was a Southern African king who founded the Mthwakazi Kingdom now known as Matebeleland, in Zimbabwe. His name means "the great road".[2] He was born the son of Mashobane kaMangethe near Mkuze, Zululand (now known as KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa), and died at Ingama, Matebeleland (near Bulawayo, Zimbabwe). Many consider him to be the greatest Southern African military leader after the Zulu king Shaka. In his autobiography, David Livingstone referred to Mzilikazi as the second most impressive leader he encountered on the African continent.

Mzilikazi kaMashobane
King of Matebeleland
King Mzilikazi, as portrayed by Captain William Cornwallis Harris, circa 1836
Reignca. 1823 – 1868
Coronationca. 1820
PredecessorFounder (father murdered; formerly a lieutenant of Zulu King Shaka)
Bornca. 1790
Mkuze, South Africa
Died(1868-09-09)9 September 1868
Matebeleland, buried in a cave at Entumbane, Matobo Hills, Zimbabwe (on 4 November 1868)
Spouseseveral wives
IssueLobengula (son), Nkulumane (son), and many others
HouseKhumalo; founder of the Ndebele people
FatherMashobane kaMangethe (c. late 1700s – c. 1820s),
MotherNompethu KaZwide, daughter of Chief Zwide of the Ndwandwe people (tribe).

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