Nanda Devi

Nanda Devi is the second-highest mountain in India, after Kangchenjunga, and the highest located entirely within the country (Kangchenjunga is on the border of India and Nepal). It is the 23rd-highest peak in the world.

Nanda Devi
Highest point
Elevation7,816 m (25,643 ft)[1]
Ranked 23rd
Prominence3,139 m (10,299 ft)[1]
Ranked 74th
Isolation389 km (242 mi) 
ListingUltra
List of Indian states and territories by highest point
Coordinates30°22′33″N 79°58′15″E[1][2]
Geography
Nanda Devi
Location in India
Nanda Devi
Nanda Devi (India)
LocationChamoli, Uttarakhand, India
Parent rangeGarhwal Himalaya
Climbing
First ascent29 August 1936 by Noel Odell and Bill Tilman[3][4]
Easiest routesouth ridge: technical rock/snow/ice climb

Nanda Devi was considered the highest mountain in the world before computations in 1808 proved Dhaulagiri to be higher. It was also the highest mountain in India until 1975, when Sikkim, an independent kingdom until 1948 and a protectorate of India thereafter, became a part of the Republic of India. It is located in Chamoli Garhwal district of Uttarakhand, between the Rishiganga valley on the west and the Goriganga valley on the east.

The peak, whose name means "Bliss-Giving Goddess",[4] is regarded as the patron goddess of the Garhwal and Kumaon Himalayas. In acknowledgment of its religious significance and for the protection of its fragile ecosystem, the Government of India declared the peak as well as the circle of high mountains surrounding it—the Nanda Devi sanctuary—off-limits to both locals and climbers in 1983. The surrounding Nanda Devi National Park was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1988.


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