Nathanael Greene

Nathanael Greene (August 7 [O.S. July 27] 1742  June 19, 1786, sometimes misspelled Nathaniel) was a major general of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War. He emerged from the war with a reputation as General George Washington's most talented and dependable officer, and is known for his successful command in the southern theater of the war.

Nathanael Greene
A 1783 Charles Willson Peale portrait of Greene
Nickname(s)"The Savior of the South"
"The Fighting Quaker"
BornAugust 7 [O.S. July 27] 1742
Potowomut, Warwick
Rhode Island, British America
DiedJune 19, 1786(1786-06-19) (aged 43)
Mulberry Grove Plantation, Chatham County, Georgia, U.S.
Buried
Johnson Square, Savannah, Georgia, U.S.
AllegianceUnited States
Service/branchContinental Army
Years of service1775–1783
RankMajor general
UnitKentish Guards
Battles/warsAmerican Revolutionary War
Spouse(s)
(m. 1774)
Signature

Born into a prosperous Quaker family in Warwick, Rhode Island, Greene became active in the colonial opposition to British revenue policies in the early 1770s and helped establish the Kentish Guards, a state militia. After the April 1775 Battles of Lexington and Concord, the legislature of Rhode Island established an army and appointed Greene to command it. Later in the year, Greene became a general in the newly-established Continental Army. Greene served under Washington in the Boston campaign, the New York and New Jersey campaign, and the Philadelphia campaign before being appointed quartermaster general of the Continental Army in 1778.

In October 1780, General Washington appointed Greene as the commander of the Continental Army in the southern theater. After taking command, Greene engaged in a successful campaign of guerrilla warfare against the numerically superior force of General Charles Cornwallis. He inflicted major losses on British forces at Battle of Guilford Court House, the Battle of Hobkirk's Hill, and the Battle of Eutaw Springs, eroding British control of the American South. Major fighting on land came to an end following the surrender of Cornwallis at the Siege of Yorktown in October 1781, but Greene continued to serve in the Continental Army until late 1783. After the war, he became a planter in the South, but his rice crops mainly failed. He died in 1786 at his Mulberry Grove Plantation in Chatham County, Georgia. Many places in the United States are named after Greene.