National Action Party (Mexico)

The National Action Party (Spanish: Partido Acción Nacional, PAN) is a conservative political party in Mexico founded in 1938. The party is one of the four main political parties in Mexico, and, since the 1980s, has had success winning local, state, and national elections.

National Action Party
Partido Acción Nacional
PresidentMarko Cortés Mendoza
Secretary-GeneralHéctor Larios Córdova
FounderManuel Gómez Morín
Founded16 September 1939 (1939-09-16)
HeadquartersAv. Coyoacán No. 1546 Col. Del Valle, Delegación Benito Juárez, Mexico City
Youth wingAcción Juvenil
(Youth Action)
Membership (2020) 234,450
Ideology
Political positionCenter-right[5][6][7] to right-wing[8][9][10]
ReligionRoman Catholicism[11]
National affiliationVa por México
International affiliationCentrist Democrat International
Regional affiliationODCA
Colors   Blue and White
SloganPor una patria ordenada y generosa y una vida mejor y más digna para todos
(For an orderly and generous homeland and a better and more dignified life for all)
Chamber of Deputies 
114 / 500
Senate
25 / 128
Governorships
8 / 32
State legislatures
229 / 1,123
Website
Official website

In the historic 2000 Mexican general election, PAN candidate Vicente Fox was elected president for the customary six-year term; his victory marked the first time in 71 years that the Mexican presidency would not be held by a member of the ruling party, the PRI. Six years later, PAN candidate Felipe Calderón succeeded Fox in the presidency following victory in the 2006 Mexican presidential election. During the period 2000–2012, PAN was the strongest party in both houses of the Congress of the Union (the federal legislature) but lacked a majority in either house. In the 2006 legislative elections the party won 207 out of 500 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 52 out of 128 Senators. In the 2012 legislative elections, the PAN won 38 seats in the Senate, and 114 seats in the Chamber of Deputies,[12] although the party did not win the presidential election in either 2012 nor in 2018. The members of this party are colloquially called Panistas.

Notoriously, the two Presidents of the Republic that have emerged from the PAN (Vicente Fox and Felipe Calderón) have both left the party. Fox has supported PRI presidential candidates in 2012 and 2018, while Calderón has created his own party called "México Libre".