Italian National Institute of Statistics
The Italian National Institute of Statistics (Italian: Istituto Nazionale di Statistica; Istat) is the main producer of official statistics in Italy. Its activities include the census of population, economic censuses and a number of social, economic and environmental surveys and analyses. Istat is by far the largest producer of statistical information in Italy, and is an active member of the European Statistical System, coordinated by Eurostat.
Istat headquarters in Rome
Its publications are released under creative commons "Attribution" (CC BY) license.
The Italian National Institute of Statistics (IT ISTAT) was founded, in compliance with the law decree no. 1162 issued on 9 Jul 1926, as Central Institute of Statistics (IT Istituto Centrale di Statistica) in order to replace the General Statistics Division of the Ministry for Agriculture (now known as Ministero delle politiche agricole alimentari, forestali e del turismo). The direction of the institution, which was subordinated to the head of State, was given to Corrado Gini.
The ISTAT institute, with a staff of about 170 workers, was supposed to update the figures of the censuses that were formerly carried out by the General Statistics Divistion (that were updated only to 1921), by publishing, as a result, the figures of the 6th general population census. After an acceleration of the duties of the institute in the early 30s, the national statistics operations were rather slowed down by the economical fines that had been caused by the Ethiopian offensive, that virtually stopped any further publications of the economical-financial figures.
In 1937 the figures that had been already collected yet not shared during that period, were eventually published, although the activity of the institute ceased after only two years.
After the outbreak of the Second World War, the publications decreased due to the lack of personnel, that had mainly been called up for military service, that led to a consequent postponement of the 9th population census, that would indeed be held in 1951. Furthermore, due to the Cassibile Armistice in 1943, the venue of the institution was moved to the boundaries of the Republic of Salò.
During the late 40s, the archives were retrieved and moved back to Rome, letting the institure restart completely its activity. With the post-war reconstruction, the ICS mainly focused on collecting new data concerning national development, that eventually allowed for the publication, in 1950, of the volume National Revenue Studies (Studi sul reddito nazionale).
The Law Decree no. 322 published on 6 September 1989 gave life to the National Statistics System (IT Sistema statistico nazionale, Sistan) and changed the name of the institution to National Institute of Statistics (IT Istituto nazionale di statistica), without changing though its acronym, which indeed remained ISTAT.
Many and important are the individuals involved in the administration of the institute:
- President: appointed by the President of the Republic upon the President of the Council of Ministers' proposal after the approval of the Council of Ministers itself, his term lasts for four years and it can be reappointed only once. He is responsible for the institute performance and its technical and scientific coordination.
- Policy-making and Statistics Information Coordination Committee, whose term lasts for four years, made up of 15 members including the President, carries out steering duties.
- Governing Board, that directs and oversees every activity carried out by the institute. The Governing Board consists of the President of the organisation as well as of nine more members.
- Board of Auditors, that makes sure that account final statements thoroughly comply with previous accounting records. Its term lasts for three years and consists of a magistrate of the Council of State who serves as its president, as well as of an executive of the Presidency of the Council and one from the Ministry of Economy and Finance.
Central Institute of Statistics (in Italian, Istituto Centrale di Statistica) (until 1989):
- Alberto Canaletti Gaudenti (1945 - 1949)
- Lanfranco Maroi (1949 - 1961)
- Giuseppe De Meo (1961 - 1980)
- Guido Maria Rey (1980 - 1989)
National Institute of Statistics (in Italian, Istituto Nazionale di Statistica) (since 1989):
- Guido Maria Rey (1989 - 1993)
- Alberto Zuliani (1993 - 2001)
- Luigi Biggeri (2001 - 2009)
- Enrico Giovannini (2009 - 2013)
- Antonio Golini (2013 - 2014)
- Giorgio Alleva (2014 - 2018)
- Gian Carlo Blangiardo (2019 - Incumbent)
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The library, established in 1926, is open to the public and contains Istat publications, national and international works on statistical and socioeconomics subjects, journals from other national statistical institutes and international organizations (Food and Agriculture Organization, International Monetary Fund, OECD, United Nations, etc.). The library collection includes 400,000 volumes and receives about 2800 periodical journals. There are also 1500 volumes printed prior to 1900.
- "About Italian National Institute of Statistics". Istat. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
- "Who's who". ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 11 October 2020.
- "Note legali: responsabilità e licenza". www.istat.it (in Italian). Retrieved 11 October 2020.
- "Storia dell'Istituto". www.istat.it (in Italian). Retrieved 11 October 2020.
- Studi sul reddito nazionale (in Italian). Roma: stabilimento tipografico Fausto Failli. 1950.
- "President". www.istat.it. Retrieved 13 November 2020.
- "Organisation". www.istat.it. Retrieved 13 November 2020.
- Presidenti e Direttori Archived 12 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- "President". www.istat.it. 30 November 2010. Retrieved 13 November 2020.