National Liberation Front of Angola

The National Front for the Liberation of Angola (Portuguese: Frente Nacional de Libertação de Angola; abbreviated FNLA) is a political party and former militant organisation that fought for Angolan independence from Portugal in the war of independence, under the leadership of Holden Roberto.

National Liberation Front of Angola
Frente Nacional de Libertação de Angola
AbbreviationFNLA
PresidentNgola Kabangu
Founded1954 (as the União dos Povos do Norte de Angola guerrilla movement)
1959 (as the União dos Povos de Angola guerrilla movement)
1961 (as the FNLA guerilla movement)
1992 (as a party)
HeadquartersLuanda, Republic of Angola
IdeologyCivic nationalism[1]
Christian democracy[1]
Conservatism[2]
Political positionCentre-right
Seats in the National Assembly
1 / 220
Party flag

Founded in 1954 as the União dos Povos do Norte de Angola guerrilla movement, it was known after 1959 as the União dos Povos de Angola (UPA) guerrilla movement, and from 1961 as the FNLA guerilla movement.

Ahead of the first multiparty elections in 1992, the FNLA was reorganized as a political party. The FNLA received 2.4% of the votes and had five Members of Parliament elected. In the 2008 parliamentary election, the FNLA received 1.11% of the vote, winning three out of 220 seats.[3]


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