National Revolutionary Army

The National Revolutionary Army (NRA; 國民革命軍), sometimes shortened to Revolutionary Army (革命軍) before 1928, and as National Army (國軍) after 1928, was the military arm of the Kuomintang (KMT, or the Chinese Nationalist Party) from 1925 until 1947 in the Republic of China. It also became the regular army of the ROC during the KMT's period of party rule beginning in 1928. It was renamed the Republic of China Armed Forces after the 1947 Constitution, which instituted civilian control of the military.

National Revolutionary Army
國民革命軍
Guómín Gémìng Jūn
Flag of the National Revolutionary Army (known as the Republic of China Army after the 1947 Constitution)
Active1925 (1925)–1947 (1947)
Country China
Allegiance Kuomintang
TypeArmy
RoleMilitary ground force
SizeRoughly 14,000,000 served
between 1937 and 1945
Nickname(s)"NRA"
Engagements
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Chiang Kai-shek
Zhang Xueliang
Sun Li-jen
Yen Hsi-shan
Feng Yuxiang
Li Zongren
He Yingqin
Bai Chongxi
and many others
National Revolutionary Army
Traditional Chinese國民革命軍
Simplified Chinese国民革命军

Originally organized with Soviet aid as a means for the KMT to unify China during the Warlord Era, the National Revolutionary Army fought major engagements in the Northern Expedition against the Chinese Beiyang Army warlords, in the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) against the Imperial Japanese Army and in the Chinese Civil War against the People's Liberation Army.

During the Second Sino-Japanese War, the armed forces of the Communist Party of China were nominally incorporated into the National Revolutionary Army (while retaining separate commands), but broke away to form the People's Liberation Army shortly after the end of the war. With the promulgation of the Constitution of the Republic of China in 1947 and the formal end of the KMT party-state, the National Revolutionary Army was renamed the Republic of China Armed Forces, with the bulk of its forces forming the Republic of China Army, which retreated to the island of Taiwan in 1949.