National identity cards in the European Economic Area

National identity cards are issued to their citizens by the governments of all European Economic Area (EEA) member states except Denmark, Iceland and Ireland. Ireland however issues a passport card which is a valid document in the EEA and Switzerland.[1] Denmark and Iceland issue simpler identity cards that are not valid as travel documents.[2][3] The various identity card styles currently in use in the EEA are intended to be harmonised and replaced by a new common model from 2 August 2021.[4]

National identity card
Finnish version of a national identity card
Issued by Member states of the European Economic Area and Switzerland.

Citizens holding a national identity card, which states citizenship of an EEA member state or Switzerland, can use it as an identity document within their home country, and as a travel document to exercise the right of free movement in the EEA and Switzerland.[5][6][7] However, identity cards that do not state citizenship of an EEA member state or Switzerland, including national identity cards issued to residents who are not citizens, are not valid as travel documents within the EEA and Switzerland.[8][9][10]