A national sport is considered to be an intrinsic part of the culture of a nation. Some sports are de facto (not established by law) national sports, as Sumo is in Japan and Gaelic games are in Ireland, while others are de jure (established by law) national sports, as taekwondo is in South Korea.
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De jure national sports
Sports declared as national sport by a law:
|Country||Sport||Year defined as
|Argentina||Pato||1953||Argentina Decree Nº 17468|
Ice hockey (winter)
|1994||National Sports of Canada Act|
|Colombia||Tejo||2000||Colombia Law 613|
|Iran||Varzesh-e Bastani, Wrestling, Polo||1976|
|Namibia||Football, Netball, Rugby||2018|
|Philippines||Arnis||2009||Republic Act No. 9850|
|Puerto Rico (United States)||Paso Fino horse riding||1966||Puerto Rico Act 64 of 2000|
(Creole [i.e. gaucho] Skills)
|2006||Uruguay Law 17958|
De facto national sports
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Ha-du-du was given the name kabadi and the status of National Game in 1972.
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A reconocerse, en 1962, el rodeo como deporte nacional y oficial [10 de enero de 1962, oficio N°269 del Consejo Nacional de Deportes y Comité Olímpico de Chile]
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El año de 1933 fue muy importante, ya que el general Abelardo L. Rodríguez, emite un decreto presidencial, dando a la Charrería el título de único Deporte Nacional.
- Cabinet approves categorisation of sports codes. Namibia Press Agency, 2. August 2018.
- "It's official: Volleyball is the national sport of Nepal". OnlineKhabar. 23 May 2017. Archived from the original on 23 May 2017.
The government on Monday decided to recognize volleyball as the national sport of Nepal.
- "Republic Act No. 9850: An Act declaring Arnis as the national martial art and sport of the Philippines". Archived from the original on 30 July 2012. Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- "Puerto Rico Act 64 of 2000, S.B. 1856" (PDF). Office of Legislative Services of Puerto Rico. 11 April 2000. p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 March 2019. Retrieved 14 July 2008.
In 1966, the Public Parks and Recreation Administration and the Puerto Rico Olympic Committee awarded official recognition of the "paso fino" horse riding sport as the autochthonous sport of Puerto Rico.
- "Taekwondo designated as South Korea's flagbearing national sport". insidethegames. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- Aeberhard, Danny; Andrew Benson; Lucy Phillips; et al. (2001). The Rough Guide to Argentina. p. 198. ISBN 978-1-85828-569-6.
displays of traditional gaucho skills (destrezas criollas)
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- "Buzkashi: The National Game of Afghanis". Embassy of Afghanistan, Canberra. Archived from the original on 19 July 2008. Retrieved 21 July 2008.
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Director of Sports, Alkins Rogers, […] reported that the Government recognizes boat racing as the national sport of Anguilla and was giving financial resources for its development.
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Cricket, a left-over from the British rule, is the national sport of Antigua and Barbuda.
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Bermuda are one of the few sides who count cricket as a national sport.
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The national sport of Barbados is cricket
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Baseball is so ingrained in Cuba that it has thrived as the "national sport" through forty years of a bitterly anti-American revolution.
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Most Cubans, after all, consider baseball to be their national sport, a game entwined in history with their struggle for independence from Spain and the birth of their nation.
- Castro, Fidel (13 August 1999). "Speech at a meeting with Pan American Games delegation members". cuba.cu. Retrieved 24 July 2008.
the game that […] is […] our national sport […] I am talking of baseball
- "Some facts about the Dominican Republic". Embassy of the Dominican Republic, Washington. Retrieved 22 July 2008.
Baseball is the Dominican Republic's national sport.
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Basketball is the unofficial national sport
rugby (or Rakavi) is the national sport
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the national sport, "pesäpallo"[dead link]
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in the first Grenada Cricket Classics [, h]eroes such as Sir Viv Richards, Joel Garner and Curtley Ambrose came together to promote what is considered by many to be the national sport in Grenada.[permanent dead link]
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Cricket lovely Cricket! One cannot miss out on Guyana's national sport without participating in a game of cricket while in Guyana.
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[E]ven though soccer football was and is considered the Hungarian national pastime
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Today's announcement ensures that the public will enjoy quality coverage of our national games across all of RTÉ's media platforms.
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It's [the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final] a big deal in Ireland, where Gaelic games are the national sport, but the problem for the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) is that no-one outside the country, save for committed expatriates, gives a fig.
- "History of Jamaica". Jamaican Embassy, Washington. Archived from the original on 20 June 2008. Retrieved 21 July 2008.
The legacy of Britain also lives on in Jamaica in many ways […] the game of cricket is the national sport.
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- Adamkus, Valdas (28 July 2005). "Address at Charles University, Prague". President of Lithuania official website. Archived from the original on 5 October 2006. Retrieved 24 July 2008.
Lithuania is a country that loves basketball. It is our national sport and we are proud to be reigning European Champions.
- Winn, Luke (15 August 2011). "Lithuania Calling". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 24 August 2011.
Basketball is the only sport the 3.2 million Lithuanians truly care about—it's their second religion, after Catholicism—and their success is proportionately stunning.
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If you went to school in the 90s in Nepal, chances are that you were taught that dandi-biyo is Nepal’s national sport.
- Alves, Thalita. "How Rugby Became New Zealand's National Sport". Culture Trip. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
- Palenski, Ron (1 September 2016). "Rugby union". Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
Regarded as New Zealand’s national game from the early 20th century, when the All Blacks swept triumphantly across Britain, rugby remains hugely popular.
- Mølster, Odd (1996). "Skiing and the Creation of a Norwegian Identity – part 2". News of Norway, issue 2. Norwegian Embassy, Washington. Retrieved 21 July 2008.
the national sport could become a fine weapon in time of war. In 1943, Norway's resistance movement won an epochal victory – on skis, of course
- Berglund, Nina (20 February 2006). "Few cheers for Norway". Aftenposten. Archived from the original on 21 February 2006. Retrieved 21 July 2008.
The scoreboard shows how the Norwegians placed, a performance considered much too poor in a country where cross-country skiing is a national sport.
- Khan, M. Ilyas (8 August 2012). "Pakistan's Olympic humiliation in national sport". BBC. Retrieved 5 December 2016.
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But it would still be one of the biggest shocks in World Cup history if Papua New Guinea – the only country to have rugby league as its national sport – were to qualify for the last four.
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Basketball is the major national sport in the Philippines.
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The Filipinos adpted basketball as their national sport, and Filipino boxers...
- "Oina – sportul naţional uitat" (in Romanian). Adevărul Holding. 18 September 2010. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
Dar nici deciziile luate de autorităţile comuniste nu au salvat sportul naţional românesc de la uitare.
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Basketball is the national sport of Serbia
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National sport No.1 – In Serbia, basketball is a religion
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The Trophy Tour had Serbia on its schedule in mid-June. But the land of basketball wants to show it to an even bigger crowd, if they win it all in China in September
- "Svečana akademija Košarkaškog saveza Srbije za pamćenje!". Basketball Federation of Serbia. 12 December 2019. Retrieved 16 July 2019.
Today we celebrate 95 years since the first basketball match in Serbia and the 70th birthday of the national federation, which fans of the game all over Europe and the world, describe as "Land of basketball".
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- Duquette, Jerold J. (1999). Regulating the National Pastime: Baseball and Antitrust. Greenwood. p. 104. ISBN 978-0-275-96535-8. Retrieved 21 July 2008.
Baseball justified its privileged legal status by citing the special nature and cultural significance of America's national pastime.
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Tradition – that quality so instrumental in elevating baseball to its century-old status as national pastime – has become less important
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rugby used to be the undisputed national sport of Wales […] Rugby Union's assumed position as "the national game" has often been questioned on the basis that it is predominantly a game played and followed in South Wales.