Natural history

Natural history is a domain of inquiry involving organisms, including animals, fungi, and plants, in their natural environment, leaning more towards observational than experimental methods of study. A person who studies natural history is called a naturalist or natural historian.

Tables of natural history, from Ephraim Chambers's 1728 Cyclopaedia

Natural history encompasses scientific research but is not limited to it.[1] It involves the systematic study of any category of natural objects or organisms.[2] So while it dates from studies in the ancient Greco-Roman world and the mediaeval Arabic world, through to European Renaissance naturalists working in near isolation, today's natural history is a cross-discipline umbrella of many specialty sciences; e.g., geobiology has a strong multidisciplinary nature.