Navarre

Navarre (English: /nəˈvɑːr/; Spanish: Navarra [naˈβara]; Basque: Nafarroa [nafaro.a]), officially the Chartered Community of Navarre (Spanish: Comunidad Foral de Navarra [komuniˈðað foˈɾal de naˈβara]; Basque: Nafarroako Foru Komunitatea [nafaro.ako foɾu komunitate.a]), is an autonomous community and province in northern Spain, bordering the Basque Autonomous Community, La Rioja, and Aragon in Spain and Nouvelle-Aquitaine in France. The capital city is Pamplona (or Iruñea in Basque). The present-day province makes up the majority of the territory of the medieval Kingdom of Navarre, a long-standing Pyrenean kingdom that occupied lands on both sides of the western Pyrenees, with its northernmost part, Lower Navarre, located in the southwest corner of France.

Navarre
Navarra  (Spanish)
Nafarroa  (Basque)
Chartered Community of Navarre
Comunidad Foral de Navarra  (Spanish)
Nafarroako Foru Komunitatea  (Basque)
Anthem: Gorteen Ereserkia / Himno de las Cortes
"Anthem of the Courts"
Location of Navarre within Spain
Coordinates: 42°49′N 1°39′W
CountrySpain
CapitalPamplona (Iruña)
Government
  PresidentMaría Chivite (PSN-PSOE)
Area
(2.2% of Spain; Ranked 11th)
  Total10,391 km2 (4,012 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)
  Total661,197
  Density64/km2 (160/sq mi)
  Pop. rank
15th
  Percent
1.3% of Spain
Demonym(s)
Navarrese (en)
Navarro/a (es)
Nafar (eu)
ISO 3166-2
ES-NA
Official languagesSpanish (Basque is co-official in the Basque-speaking areas)
Statute of Autonomy16 August 1982
ParliamentParliament of Navarre
Congress seats5 (of 350) deputies
Senate seats5 (of 265) senators
HDI (2019)0.926[1]
very high · 3rd
Websitewww.navarra.es/home_en/

Navarre is in the transition between Green Spain and semi-arid interior areas, causing a vast difference of landscapes between various parts of the region. The transition also renders a highly variable climate, with cooler spells and heat waves mixing in summer. Winters are mild for the latitude. Navarre is one of the historic Basque districts, with its Basque features conspicuous in the north, while virtually absent on the southern fringes. The best-known event in Navarre is the San Fermín festival in July held in Pamplona.