Nayarit (Spanish pronunciation: [naʝaˈɾit]), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Nayarit (Spanish: Estado Libre y Soberano de Nayarit), is one of the 31 states that, along with Mexico City, comprise the Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided in 20 municipalities and its capital city is Tepic.
|Free and Sovereign State of Nayarit|
Estado Libre y Soberano de Nayarit (Spanish)
|Admission||January 26, 1917|
|• Governor||Miguel Ángel Navarro Quintero|
|• Senators|| Cora Cecilia Pinedo Alonso|
Gloria Elizabeth Núñez Sánchez
|• Total||27,857 km2 (10,756 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||2,760 m (9,060 ft)|
|• Density||44/km2 (110/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||23rd|
|Time zones||UTC−7 (MST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−6 (MDT)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|ISO 3166 code||MX-NAY|
|HDI|| 0.785 (high)|
|GDP||US$ 4,281.52 mil[a]|
|^ a. The state's GDP was 53,167,305 thousand pesos in 2008, an amount corresponding to US$4.281 billion (a dollar worth 12.80 pesos as of June 3, 2010).|
It is bordered by the states of Sinaloa to the northwest, Durango to the north, Zacatecas to the northeast and Jalisco to the south. To the west, Nayarit has a significant share of coastline on the Pacific Ocean, including the islands of Marías and Marietas. The beaches of San Blas and the so-called "Riviera Nayarit" are popular with tourists. Besides tourism, the economy of the state is based mainly on agriculture and fishing. It is also one of two states where the tarantula species Brachypelma klaasi is found, the other being Jalisco.
Home to Uto-Aztecan indigenous peoples such as the Huichol and Cora, the region was exposed to the conquistadores, Hernán Cortés and Nuño de Guzmán, in the 16th century. Spanish governance was made difficult by indigenous rebellions and by the inhospitable terrain of the Sierra del Nayar. The last independent Cora communities were subjugated in 1722. The state's name recalls the Cora people's label for themselves: Náayerite, commemorating Nayar, a resistance leader.