Neapolitan language

Neapolitan (autonym: (’o n)napulitano [(o n)napuliˈtɑːnə]; Italian: napoletano) is a Romance language of the Italo-Dalmatian group spoken across much of mainland Southern Italy, except for southern Calabria and southern Apulia,[2][3][4] and spoken in a small part of central Italy (the province of Ascoli Piceno in the Marche). It is named after the Kingdom of Naples that once covered most of the area, of which the city of Naples was the capital. On October 14, 2008, a law by the Region of Campania stated that Neapolitan was to be protected.[5]

Neapolitan
napulitano
Native toItaly
RegionAbruzzo, Apulia, Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Lazio, Marche, Molise
Native speakers
5.7 million (2002)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-2nap
ISO 639-3nap
Glottologneap1235  Continental Southern Italian
sout3126  South Lucanian = (Vd) Lausberg
Intermediate Southern Italian dialects
Neapolitan as part of the European Romance languages

The term "Neapolitan language" is used broadly in this article to refer to the group of closely-related Romance dialects found in southern continental Italy, as described above. However, as the term itself implies, it may also refer more specifically to the language native to the city of Naples and its metropolitan area. In contexts ranging from colloquial speech to academic linguistics, “Neapolitan", napulitano or napoletano often refer to the specific varieties spoken in Naples and the immediately surrounding Naples metropolitan area.[6][7]


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