Nebraska

Nebraska /nəˈbræskə/ (listen) is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States. It is bordered by South Dakota to the north; Iowa to the east and Missouri to the southeast, both across the Missouri River; Kansas to the south; Colorado to the southwest; and Wyoming to the west. It is the only triply landlocked U.S. state.

Nebraska
State of Nebraska
Nickname(s): 
Cornhusker State
Motto(s): 
Anthem: "Beautiful Nebraska"
Map of the United States with Nebraska highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodNebraska Territory
Admitted to the UnionMarch 1, 1867 (37th)
CapitalLincoln
Largest cityOmaha
Largest metro and urban areasOmaha–Council Bluffs
Government
  GovernorPete Ricketts (R)
  Lieutenant GovernorMike Foley (R)
LegislatureNebraska Legislature
JudiciaryNebraska Supreme Court
U.S. senatorsDeb Fischer (R)
Ben Sasse (R)
U.S. House delegation1: Jeff Fortenberry (R)
2: Don Bacon (R)
3: Adrian Smith (R) (list)
Area
  Total77,358 sq mi (200,356 km2)
  Land76,874 sq mi (199,099 km2)
  Water481 sq mi (1,247 km2)  0.7%
Area rank16th
Dimensions
  Length430 mi (690 km)
  Width210 mi (340 km)
Elevation
2,600 ft (790 m)
Highest elevation5,424 ft (1,654 m)
Lowest elevation840 ft (256 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total1,961,504
  Rank37th
  Density24.94/sq mi (9.63/km2)
  Density rank43rd
  Median household income
$59,970[3]
  Income rank
22nd
Demonym(s)Nebraskan
Language
  Official languageEnglish
Time zones
most of stateUTC−06:00 (Central)
  Summer (DST)UTC−05:00 (CDT)
PanhandleUTC−07:00 (Mountain)
  Summer (DST)UTC−06:00 (MDT)
USPS abbreviation
NE
ISO 3166 codeUS-NE
Traditional abbreviationNeb., Nebr.
Latitude40° N to 43° N
Longitude95° 19′ W to 104° 03′ W
Websitewww.nebraska.gov
Nebraska state symbols
Living insignia
BirdWestern meadowlark[4]
FishChannel catfish
FlowerTall Goldenrod[5]
GrassLittle bluestem[6]
InsectWestern honey bee[7]
MammalWhite-tailed deer[8]
TreeEastern Cottonwood[9]
Inanimate insignia
BeverageMilk
Soft drink: Kool-aid
DanceSquare dance
FossilMammoth[10]
GemstoneBlue agate[11]
RockPrairie agate[12]
SloganWelcome to NEBRASKAland where the West begins[13]
SoilHoldrege series
OtherRiver: Platte River
State route marker
State quarter
Released in 2006
Lists of United States state symbols

Indigenous peoples, including Omaha, Missouria, Ponca, Pawnee, Otoe, and various branches of the Lakota (Sioux) tribes, lived in the region for thousands of years before European exploration. The state is crossed by many historic trails, including that of the Lewis and Clark Expedition.

Nebraska's area is just over 77,220 square miles (200,000 km2) with a population of over 1.9 million. Its capital is Lincoln, and its largest city is Omaha, which is on the Missouri River. Nebraska was admitted into the United States in 1867, two years after the end of the American Civil War. The Nebraska Legislature is unlike any other American legislature in that it is unicameral, and its members are elected without any official reference to political party affiliation.

Nebraska is composed of two major land regions: the Dissected Till Plains and the Great Plains. The Dissected Till Plains region consists of gently rolling hills and contains the state's largest cities, Omaha and Lincoln. The Great Plains region, occupying most of western Nebraska, is characterized by treeless prairie. Nebraska has two major climatic zones. The eastern two-thirds of the state has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa); a unique warmer subtype considered "warm-temperate" exists near the southern plains, which is analogous to that in Kansas and Oklahoma, which have a predominantly humid subtropical climate. The Panhandle and adjacent areas bordering Colorado have a primarily semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk). The state has wide variations between winter and summer temperatures, variations that decrease moving south within the state. Violent thunderstorms and tornadoes occur primarily during spring and summer and sometimes in autumn. Chinook wind tends to warm the state significantly in the winter and early spring.