Nemours


Nemours (French: [nəmuʁ] (listen)) is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.

Nemours
Castle of Nemours
Coat of arms
Location of Nemours
Nemours
Nemours
Coordinates: 48°16′03″N 2°41′49″E
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentSeine-et-Marne
ArrondissementFontainebleau
CantonNemours
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Valérie Lacroute (LR)
Area
1
10.83 km2 (4.18 sq mi)
Population
 (2017-01-01)[1]
13,081
  Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
77333 /77140
Elevation57–133 m (187–436 ft)
(avg. 62 m or 203 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Geography


Nemours is located on the Loing and its canal, c. 42 km (26 mi) south of Melun, on the Paris-Lyon railway.

History


Nemours is supposed to derive its name from the woods (nemora) in the midst of which it formerly stood, and discoveries of Gallo-Roman remains indicate its early origin. It was captured by the English in 1420, but derives its historical importance rather from the lordship, afterwards Duchy of Nemours,[2] and the fief lords the Duke of Nemours to which it gave its name. In 1585 a treaty revoking previous concessions to the Protestants was concluded at Nemours between Catherine de' Medici and the Guises.

Sights


The church, which dates mainly from the sixteenth century, has a handsome wooden spire. The feudal castle, erected around 1120 was turned into a museum in the 20th century. It has a central keep with four rounded towers.

A statue of the mathematician Bézout (d. 1783), a native of the town, was erected in 1885.

In the vicinity is a group of fine sandstone rocks, and sand is extensively quarried.

Demographics


Inhabitants are called Nemouriens.

Hospital


Nemours has a campus of the Centre hospitalier Sud Seine et Marne.

People


Nemours was the birthplace of:

Twin towns


The castle and the church bordering the Loing river

See also


References


  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Nemours". Encyclopædia Britannica. 19 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 371.
  1. "Populations légales 2017". INSEE. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. Le duché de Nemours, Géographie historique de la France, Histoire de l'Europe. France 2008|http://www.cosmovisions.com/histNemours.htm