Neoclassical architecture

Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style produced by the Neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century in Italy and France which then became one of the most prominent and iconic architectural styles in the Western World.[1]

Neoclassical architecture
Top: The Petit Trianon (Versailles, France), 1764, by Ange-Jacques Gabriel; Centre: The Salon de Compagnie of the Petit Trianon; Bottom: Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel (Paris), 1806-1808, by Pierre-François-Léonard Fontaine
Years active2nd half of the 18th century-late 19th century

The development of archaeology was crucial in the emergence of Neoclassical architecture. Excavation sites like those in Pompeii and Herculaneum allowed architects to make in depth interpretations of Classical architecture and synthesize their own unique style.[2]

In form, Neoclassical architecture emphasizes the wall rather than chiaroscuro and maintains separate identities to each of its parts. The style is manifested both in its details as a reaction against the Rococo style of naturalistic ornament, and in its architectural formulae as an outgrowth of some classicising features of the Late Baroque architectural tradition. Therefore, the style is defined by symmetry, simple geometry, and social demands instead of ornament.[3] The classical architecture of today's architects must come under the heading of New Classicism.[vague]