Nepal Police is the national and primary law enforcement agency of Nepal. It is primarily responsible for maintaining law and order, prevention of crime and crime investigation within the jurisdiction determined by the Constitution of Nepal. Apart from its primary role, Nepal Police conducts a vast array of duties such as VIP protection, Security of Vital Installations, Traffic management, Secret services, Intelligence collection, Riot Control, Disaster management, Hostage rescue and various other Ceremonial roles. Nepal Police is currently led by Inspector General of Police Shailesh Thapa Chhetri since 7 July 2020. He is the 28th IGP of Nepal Police.
|Motto||सत्य सेवा सुरक्षणम्|
Truth, Service & Security
|Formed||1955 AD (2012 B.S.)|
|Superseding agency||Ram Dal (राम दल)|
|Primary governing body||Government of Nepal|
|Secondary governing body||Ministry of Home Affairs|
Prior to 1864 AD
The Police institution dates back to the ancient times as does the history and language of the country. 
During The Rana Regime (1864–1951 AD)
During Rana Regime, little was done to institutionalize the Police Organisation, establishing Milisiya, Thana police Chakki, office of Police director general etc. which gradually shaped The Nepal Police to this modern "Nepal Police".
During the period 1951–1990
Nepal saw the dawn of democracy after the fall of the Rana regime. The Police Headquarters was established in 1952 in Kathmandu. Mr. Toran Shamsher J.B.Rana was appointed the first Inspector General of Police. The Police Act, 2012 BS (1955 AD) came into effect. The Police Regulation, 2015 BS (1959 AD) came into effect.
The Parliamentary Government under the multi-party system was adopted for some years which was followed by Panchayat System since 1960. The establishment of the Central Police Training Centre in 1963 A.D.
The Peoples democratic movement of 1990 reinstated the multi party democratic system. The new constitution of the kingdom was promulgated on 9 November 1991. The Police Reform Commission was constituted in the year 1992 and Modernization of the Police Organisation started to tune with the aspirations of the people and norms of Multi-Party system. The first contingent of police personnel was deployed in UN Mission in 1991. More than 2000 police personnel have already left their feet serving the international community in blue helmet. Nepal Police is the main and principal law enforcement agency of Nepal.
Nepal Police has total 79,554 police personnel and has 2,344 permanent and 507 temporary police offices and units spread all over the country. The present chief of Nepal Police is Shailesh Thapa Chhetri.
Head of Nepal Police
The Nepalese Police is headed by the Inspector General of Police of Nepal. He reports directly to the Ministry of Home Affairs and is appointed by the Government of Nepal for a tenure of four years, although two IGPs have served for six years.
There are four departments in the Police Headquarters that function to undertake the policing activities of Nepal Police. These departments are headed either by Additional Inspector General of Police (AIGP) or Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIGP). In addition to the departments, there are the National Police Academy and the Metropolitan Police Office that are being looked by Additional Inspector General of Police.
Operation and Crime Investigation Department
Central Investigation Bureau
Human Resource Development Department
Nepal Police Hospital
Nepal Police Hospital was inaugurated by the late king Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev on the 27th of Chaitra, 2040 BS. It was established with an intention to provide free health services to in- service policemen, their families and ex-servicemen and their spouses. The hospital commenced OPD services and 25 bedded indoor services through 5 medical doctors, a few nurses, paramedics and administrative staff. The infrastructure then was built with the financial support of the Government of Nepal and voluntary contribution of the police personals. Some instruments and equipments were donated by the Government of India and a Japanese club. The Government of Nepal has been bearing all the expenses of the hospital ever since its establishment (infrastructure development, upgrading human resources and equipments). The routine annual budget allocated by the government to the hospital is inadequate to meet the increasing demand of health services of the staffs of the Police organization. Therefore, Prahari Kalyan Kosh (Police Welfare Fund) of Nepal Police has established a trust to provide health services to the family members of the serving policemen and ex-servicemen and their spouses. The fund supports to purchase medicines for physically and mentally handicapped and Renal Failure patients. It also provides variable additional budget every year to further support the above mentioned group of patients. Though the spectrum of services provided by the hospital in the initial stage was minimal, it had a great positive impact on all the policemen and medical professionals.
National Police Academy
The National Police Academy of Nepal, formerly known as the Sadar Prahari Talim Kendra, is an academic wing of Nepal Police. It is solely responsible for conducting basic and advanced training programmed for the police officers in Nepal. AIGP Rajendra Singh Bhandari is the Executive Director of this Academy. The NPA is the apex body of all Nepal Police Training Institutions in the country. Its goal is to develop quality human resources for Nepal Police to achieve organizational and individual objectives with a strong commitment of service and responsibility to the people. The Academy is set to be the 'Center for Excellence' and is committed to expand its resource base through tie-ups with similar institutions in and outside the country. The main objectives of NPA are:
- To conduct foundation training's (induction courses) by offering developmental opportunities to the senior police officers and technical police officers.
- To prepare police instructors required for the entire police training system in Nepal Police and provide consultancy services.
- To offer and undertake advanced training for senior police officers in the field of leadership, management and administration, proactive policing, community policing trainer's training, etc.
- To extend prospective and substantive relationship with universities in the relevant subjects and to award academic degrees to the trainees.
- To organize workshops, seminars, symposiums, conferences and short courses in policing issues.
- To carry out quality research activities (required by Police Headquarters-PHQ) or to act as a research faculty (qualitative research on behalf of PHQ) regarding police profession to develop analytically capability.
- To extend assistance and advice police headquarters i.e. consultancy service rendered to PHQ in formulating training policies.
Metropolitan Police Office
Metropolitan Traffic Police Division
Central Polygraph Section
Nepal Police has started using Polygraph system for credibility assessment in criminal and internal disciplinary investigations from 6 February 2014. Nepal Police has established "Central Polygraph Section" in Crime Investigation Department at Police Headquarters.
Research and Planning Directorate
Research and Planning (R&P)Directorate of Nepal Police was established in 1987 as the research and planning division. Now, the R&P Directorate is responsible for conducting research on the issues of institutional development and service delivery and making the plans based on the findings of the research. The directorate is responsible for conducting research and formulating plans based on the research.
Altogether 17 Research and planning sections have been established at departmental and regional levels under R&P Directorate to build a quick network to facilitate research and planning activities of Nepal police.
Riot police (Special Task Force Police) wear blue DPM pattern camouflage uniforms will ball cap. Winter uniform adds a blue jacket or sweater.
|Rank||Insignia on epaulettes|
|Inspector General (IGP)||Two star pips, crossed Khukuri and police baton within a wreath of Lotus leaves|
|Additional Inspector General (AIG)||One star pip, crossed Khukuri and police baton within a wreath of Lotus leaves|
|Deputy Inspector General (DIG)||Crossed Khukuri and police baton within a wreath of Lotus leaves|
|Senior Superintendent (SSP)||Three stars pips with crossed Khukuri and police baton|
|Superintendent (SP)||Two stars pips with crossed Khukuri and police baton|
|Deputy Superintendent (Dy SP)||One star pip, crossed Khukuri and police baton|
|Inspector (INSP)||Crossed Khukuri and police baton|
|Sub Inspector (SI)||Two stars pips|
|Assistant Sub Inspector (ASI)||One star pip|
|Police Head Constable (HC)||None - wears Three chevrons on shoulder|
|Police Constable (PC)||None - wears a red and yellow shoulder strap|
The emblem of the Nepalese Police are worn on headgear from all members. The emblem consists of:
- Flag of Nepal as the crest
- Crossed Khukuri and police baton within wreath of leaves
- Name of police forces in Nepalese in the motto at the bottom
- L1A1 Self-Loading Rifle (Origin:- United Kingdom)- special units
- various shotguns
- Riot gun
- Galil semi auto rifle(Origin:- Israel)
- Colt Commando rifle (Origin:- United States)
- M16 rifle (Origin:- United States)
- "Shailesh Thapa Chhetri appointed the new Inspector-General of Nepal Police". The Himalayan Times. Retrieved 12 July 2020.
- "About IGP". Nepal Police. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
- "Exclusion illusions". República. Archived from the original on 26 April 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
- "Operation and Crime Investigation Department".
- "Crime Investigation Bureau".
- "Police Mirror". www.nepalpolice.gov.np. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
- "Human Resource Department".
- "Nepal Police Hospital".
- "National Police Academy".
- "Metropolitan Police Office".
- "AIG Pal transferred to Metropolitan Police Office". Khabarhub. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
- "Metropolitan Traffic Police Division".
- Basnet, Madhab (2 March 2007). "The missing guns?". Nepali Times (338). Retrieved 26 November 2019.