Nepali language

Nepali (English: /nɪˈpɔːli/;[3] Devanagari: नेपाली, [ˈnepali]) is an Indo-Aryan language of the sub-branch of Eastern Pahari. It is the official language of Nepal and one of the 22 scheduled languages of India. Also known by the endonym Khas kura[1] (Devanagari: खस कुरा), the language is also called Nepalese, Gorkhali or Parbatiya in some contexts. It is spoken mainly in Nepal and by about a quarter of the population in Bhutan.[4] In India, Nepali has official status in the state of Sikkim and in the Darjeeling District and Kalimpong district of West Bengal. It has a significant number of speakers in the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram and Uttarakhand. It is also spoken in Myanmar and by the Nepali diaspora worldwide.[5] Nepali developed in proximity to a number of Indo-Aryan languages, most notably the other Pahari languages and Maithili and shows Sanskrit influence.[6] However, owing to Nepal's location, it has also been influenced by Tibeto-Burman languages. Nepali is mainly differentiated from Central Pahari, both in grammar and vocabulary, by Tibeto-Burman idioms owing to close contact with this language group.[7]

Khas kura • Gorkhali • Nepalese • Parbatiya
नेपाली (Nepali)
खस कुरा (Khas kura)
गोरखाली (Gorkhali)
पार्बतिया (Parbatiya)
The word "Nepali" written in Devanagari
Native toNepal and India
RegionKarnali Province[lower-alpha 1]
EthnicityKhas[lower-alpha 2][1]
Native speakers
16 million (2011 census)[2]
9 million L2 speakers (2011 census)[2]
Devanagari Braille
Signed Nepali
Official status
Official language in
Regulated byNepal Academy
Language codes
ISO 639-1ne
ISO 639-2nep
ISO 639-3nep – inclusive code
Individual codes:
npi  Nepali
dty  Doteli
nepa1252  duplicate code
World map with significant Nepali language speakers
Dark Blue: Main official language,
Light blue: One of the official languages,
Red: Places with significant population or greater than 20% but without official recognition.
A Nepali speaker, recorded in Myanmar.

Historically, the language was called Khas Speech (Khas Kurā), spoken by the Khas people of Karnali Region and Gorkhali (language of the Gorkha Kingdom) before the term Nepali was adopted.[1]

The origin of modern Nepali language is believed to be from Sinja valley of Jumla. Therefore,[clarification needed] the Nepali dialect “Khas Bhasa” is still spoken among the people of the region.[8]