New Progressive Party (South Korea)

The New Progressive Party (NPP) was a political party in South Korea. The New Progressive Party was established by a number of Democratic Labor Party members (known as 'People's Democracy Faction') who left the party in reaction to the dominating Korean nationalist faction.

New Progressive Party
PresidentHong Se-hwa (former)
Founded16 March 2008 (2008-03-16)
22 October 2012 (2012-10-22) (re-form)
Dissolved12 April 2012 (2012-04-12) (dissolution)
23 June 2013 (2013-06-23) (Labor Party)
Merger ofSocialist Party
Split fromDemocratic Labor Party
Succeeded byLabor Party
HeadquartersDaeha Building, 14-11 Yoido-dong, Youngdungpo-gu, Seoul
Social democracy[1]
Anti-North Korea[2][3]
Political positionCentre-left[4] to left-wing[5]
Colours  Future red

^ a: The New Progressive Party is a social democratic political party led by the moderate "PD" faction that opposed the Democratic Labor Party's pro-North Korea left-wing nationalist group "NL".[6]
New Progressive Party
Revised RomanizationJinbo Sin-dang
McCune–ReischauerChinbo Sin-tang

The first party president was Roh Hoe-chan, who was elected at the 2004 Parliamentary election as a member of the Democratic Labor Party.

The NPP failed to take seats in the National Assembly in the 2008 general election, despite Roh Hoe-chan being expected to win a seat, being that he was winning in most of the pre-vote surveys.

In the 29 April 2009 by-election, the NPP looked to win a seat for the district of Ulsan based on its pro-Labor population statistics. The NPP nominated Cho Seung-soo, former AM in Ulsan Buk-gu, 2005. The NPP negotiated with the Democratic Labor Party to nominate the Progressive sole candidate before the beginning of the by-election. The NPP and DLP finally negotiated the nomination of the candidate Cho Seung-soo to run against the conservative candidates. In the by-election, Cho beat the GNP (Grand National Party) candidate and the NPP finally took one seat.

In the 2010 local government election of mayor of Seoul, NNP candidate Roh Hoe-chan received 3% of the vote. But, the Democratic Party's Han Myung-sook was just behind Oh Se-hoon for 1~2% so, whose supporters criticised him for not retiring.

In 2011, Democratic Labor Party suggested to merge, but in referendum of party members, the proposal failed with 50% approval. Cho Seung-soo left the party, thus the New Progressive Party lost one seat in the Korean National assembly. In December 2011, a faction of the NPP, led by Sim Sang-jeong, left to join the Unified Progressive Party.

In 2012, the New Progressive Party proposed to unite with the Socialist Party. The Socialist Party agreed to unity at its last party congress on 19 February 2012, with a vote of 93% in favour. Both parties held a unity ceremony on 4 March 2012.

Since NPP couldn't gain the 3% of proportional vote in 19th National Assembly Election held on 11 April 2012, party's status is now unregistered by South Korean law, which indicates which party couldn't gain 2% of votes in election will be deregistered automatically. Deregistration made the NPP to form a new party as a new leftist party which will represent Labor Party. On April 24, the party convened national committee (which now is private club level) and decided to form a 'New party forming committee', as the NPP was not allowed to use its current name until 2016.

Election results

Legislative elections

Election Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Leader
0 / 300
504,466 2.94% 0 seats; Opposition Roh Hoe-chan, Sim Sang-jung,
Park Kim Young-hee, Lee Doug-woo, Kim Seok-joon
0 / 300
243,065 1.13% 0 seats; Opposition Hong Se-hwa and An Hyo-sang

Local elections

Election Metropolitan mayor/Governor Provincial legislature Municipal mayor Municipal legislature Election leader
0 / 16
3 / 761
0 / 228
22 / 2,888
Roh Hoe-chan

See also