New Hampshire's 1st congressional district


New Hampshire's 1st congressional district covers parts of Southern New Hampshire and the eastern portion of the state. The district contains parts of Hillsborough, Rockingham, Merrimack, Grafton and Belknap counties; and the entirety of Strafford and Carroll counties.

New Hampshire's 1st congressional district
New Hampshire's 1st congressional district since January 3, 2013
Representative
  Chris Pappas
DManchester
Distribution
  • 69.55% urban
  • 30.45% rural
Population (2019[1])680,153
Median household
income
$79,996[2]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+1[3]

The district contains Manchester, New Hampshire's most populous city, and its immediate suburbs. Most of the district's population resides in Rockingham County, which includes much of the Seacoast Region. The northern part of the district in Belknap, Carroll and Grafton counties are far more rural.

The district is home to the University of New Hampshire, the state's largest university. Some of the largest employers in the district are Fidelity Investments, J. Jill, Elliot Health System, and The University System of New Hampshire.[4]

It is represented in the United States House of Representatives by Democrat Chris Pappas.

This district is competitive with a Cook Partisan Voting Index of R+1. As of 2021, the district has changed hands in six of the last eight elections, with an incumbent losing re-election in five instances. Incumbent Democrat Chris Pappas achieved a notable feat by winning his 2020 re-election bid in this district.

Cities and towns in the district


The district includes:

List of members representing the district


Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
District organized from New Hampshire's At-large congressional district – March 4, 1847

Amos Tuck
Independent March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
30th
31st
32nd
Elected late on March 9, 1847.
Re-elected late on March 13, 1849.
Re-elected late on March 11, 1851.
Lost re-election.
Free Soil March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853

George W. Kittredge
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd Elected late on March 8, 1853.
Lost re-election.

James Pike
Know Nothing March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34th
35th
Elected late on March 13, 1855.
Re-elected late on March 10, 1857.
Retired.
Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859

Gilman Marston
Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1863
36th
37th
Elected late on March 8, 1859.
Re-elected late on March 12, 1861.
Retired to serve in the Union Army.

Daniel Marcy
Democratic March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
38th Elected late on March 10, 1863.
Lost re-election.

Gilman Marston
Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1867
39th Elected late on March 14, 1865.
Lost re-election.

Jacob Hart Ela
Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1871
40th
41st
Elected late on March 12, 1867.
Re-elected late on March 9, 1869.
Retired.

Ellery Albee Hibbard
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42nd Elected late on March 14, 1871.
Lost re-election.

William B. Small
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd Elected late on March 11, 1873.
Retired.

Frank Jones
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1879
44th
45th
Elected late on March 9, 1875.
Re-elected late on March 13, 1877.
Retired.

Joshua G. Hall
Republican March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1883
46th
47th
Elected in 1878.
Re-elected in 1880.
Retired.

Martin Alonzo Haynes
Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
48th
49th
Elected in 1882.
Re-elected in 1884.
Lost re-election.

Luther F. McKinney
Democratic March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1889
50th Elected in 1886.
Lost re-election.

Alonzo Nute
Republican March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1891
51st Elected in 1888.
Retired to run for Governor of New Hampshire.

Luther F. McKinney
Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
52nd Elected in 1890.
Retired to run for Governor of New Hampshire.

Henry W. Blair
Republican March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
53rd Elected in 1892.
Retired.

Cyrus A. Sulloway
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1913
54th
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
Elected in 1894.
Re-elected in 1896.
Re-elected in 1898.
Re-elected in 1900.
Re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Lost re-election.

Eugene Elliott Reed
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
63rd Elected in 1912.
Lost re-election.

Cyrus A. Sulloway
Republican March 4, 1915 –
March 11, 1917
64th
65th
Elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Died.
Vacant March 11, 1917 –
May 29, 1917
65th

Sherman Everett Burroughs
Republican May 29, 1917 –
January 27, 1923
65th
66th
67th
Elected to finish Sulloway's term.
Re-elected in 1918.
Re-elected in 1920.
Retired and died before next term began.
Vacant January 27, 1923 –
March 3, 1923
67th

William Nathaniel Rogers
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1925
68th Elected in 1922.
Lost re-election.

Fletcher Hale
Republican March 4, 1925 –
October 22, 1931
69th
70th
71st
72nd
Elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Died.
Vacant October 22, 1931 –
January 5, 1932
72nd

William Nathaniel Rogers
Democratic January 5, 1932 –
January 3, 1937
72nd
73rd
74th
Elected to finish Hale's term.
Re-elected in 1934.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.

Arthur B. Jenks
Republican January 3, 1937 –
June 9, 1938
75th Elected in 1936.
Lost election contest.

Alphonse Roy
Democratic June 9, 1938 –
January 3, 1939
75th Successfully contested Jenks's election.
Lost re-election.

Arthur B. Jenks
Republican January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1943
76th
77th
Elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Lost renomination.

Chester Earl Merrow
Republican January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1963
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
First elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.

Louis C. Wyman
Republican January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
88th Elected in 1962.
Lost re-election.

Joseph Oliva Huot
Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1967
89th Elected in 1964.
Lost re-election.

Louis C. Wyman
Republican January 3, 1967 –
December 31, 1974
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
Elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
Retired to run for U.S. senator and resigned when appointed.{{efn|The previous senator Norris Cotton resigned after election and governor Meldrim Thomson appointed him to the vacant term. Wyman lost the [[1974 and 1975 United States Senate elections in New Hampshire#Special election: September 1975|special election.}}
Vacant December 31, 1974 –
January 3, 1975
93rd

Norman D'Amours
Democratic January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1985
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
Elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.

Bob Smith
Republican January 3, 1985 –
December 7, 1990
99th
100th
101st
Elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
Resigned when appointed U.S. Senator.
Vacant December 7, 1990 –
January 3, 1991
101st

Bill Zeliff
Republican January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 1997
102nd
103rd
104th
Elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Retired to run for Governor of New Hampshire.

John E. Sununu
Republican January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2003
105th
106th
107th
Elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.

Jeb Bradley
Republican January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2007
108th
109th
Elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Lost re-election.

Carol Shea-Porter
Democratic January 3, 2007 –
January 3, 2011
110th
111th
Elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Lost re-election.

Frank Guinta
Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
112th Elected in 2010.
Lost re-election.

Carol Shea-Porter
Democratic January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2015
113th Elected in 2012.
Lost re-election.

Frank Guinta
Republican January 3, 2015 –
January 3, 2017
114th Elected in 2014.
Lost re-election.

Carol Shea-Porter
Democratic January 3, 2017 –
January 3, 2019
115th Elected in 2016.
Retired.

Chris Pappas
Democratic January 3, 2019 –
Present
116th
117th
Elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020.

Recent election results


2012

New Hampshire's 1st congressional district, 2012[5][6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Carol Shea-Porter 171,650 49.7
Republican Frank Guinta (incumbent) 158,659 46.0
Libertarian Brendan Kelly 14,521 4.2
n/a Write-ins 192 0.1
Total votes 345,022 100.0
Democratic gain from Republican

2014


New Hampshire's 1st congressional district, 2014[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Frank Guinta 125,508 51.7
Democratic Carol Shea-Porter (incumbent) 116,769 48.1
n/a Write-ins 459 0.2
Total votes 242,736 100.0
Republican gain from Democratic

2016

New Hampshire's 1st congressional district, 2016[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Carol Shea-Porter 162,080 44.3
Republican Frank Guinta (incumbent) 157,176 42.9
Independent Shawn O' Connor 34,735 9.5
Independent Brendan Kelly 6,074 1.7
Libertarian Robert Lombardo 5,507 1.5
n/a Write-ins 412 0.1
Total votes 365,984 100.0
Democratic gain from Republican

2018


New Hampshire's 1st congressional district, 2018[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Pappas 155,884 53.6
Republican Eddie Edwards 130,996 45.0
Libertarian Dan Belforti 4,048 1.4
n/a Write-ins 111 0.0
Total votes 291,039 100.0
Democratic hold

2020

New Hampshire's 1st congressional district, 2020[10]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Pappas (incumbent) 205,606 51.32
Republican Matt Mowers 185,159 46.21
Libertarian Zachary Dumont 9,747 2.43
N/A Scatter 149 0.04
Total votes 400,661 100.0
Democratic hold

Competitiveness


District election results from presidential races:[11]

Year Office Results
2000 President George W. Bush 49% – Al Gore 46%
2004 President George W. Bush 51% – John Kerry 48%
2008 President Barack Obama 52.8% – John McCain 46.4%
2012 President Barack Obama 50.8% – Mitt Romney 49.1%
2016 President Donald Trump 47.5% – Hillary Clinton 45.9%
2020 President Joe Biden 52.2% – Donald Trump 46.2%

Election results from statewide races:[11]

Year Office Results
2016 Governor Chris Sununu 50% – Colin Van Ostern 45%
Senate Kelly Ayotte 49% – Maggie Hassan 47%
2018 Governor Chris Sununu 55% – Molly Kelly 44%
2020 Governor Chris Sununu 67% – Dan Feltes 32%
Senate Jeanne Shaheen 56% – Corky Messner 42%

Historical district boundaries


2003–2013

See also


References


  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
  1. "ACS Demographic and Housing Estimates: 2013 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates (DP05)". U.S. Census Bureau American Factfinder. Retrieved January 14, 2015.
  2. https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=33&cd=01
  3. "Introducing the 2021 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index". The Cook Political Report. April 15, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
  4. "Employers.jsp". www2.nhes.nh.gov. Retrieved April 18, 2021.
  5. "State of New Hampshire General Election Congressional District 1 2012". New Hampshire Secretary of State Elections Division. November 6, 2013. Retrieved April 7, 2013.
  6. Scatterings votes are listed as they were reported to the Clerk of the United States House of Representatives
  7. "Representative in Congress - 2014 General Election". NH Secretary of State. November 4, 2014. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  8. "2016 General Election Information and Results". New Hampshire Secretary of State Elections Division. November 8, 2016. Retrieved November 30, 2016.
  9. Johnson, Cheryl L. (February 28, 2019). "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 2018". Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  10. Gardner, William M. (November 19, 2020). "2020 General Election Results". New Hampshire Department of State. Retrieved November 22, 2020.
  11. "NH-SOS - NHSOS". sos.nh.gov. Retrieved October 30, 2020.