New Haven, Connecticut

New Haven is a coastal city in the U.S. state of Connecticut. It is located on New Haven Harbor on the northern shore of Long Island Sound in New Haven County, Connecticut, and is part of the New York City metropolitan area. With a population of 134,023 as determined by the 2020 United States Census,[3] New Haven is now the third-largest city in Connecticut after Bridgeport, and Stamford. New Haven is the principal municipality of Greater New Haven, which had a total population of 864,835 as of 2020.[4]

New Haven, Connecticut
City of New Haven
The Elm City
Interactive map of New Haven, Connecticut
New Haven
Location in Connecticut
New Haven
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 41°18′36″N 72°55′25″W
Country United States
U.S. state Connecticut
CountyNew Haven
Metropolitan areaNew Haven area
Settled (town)April 3, 1638
Incorporated (city)1784
Named forA new haven, meaning port
  TypeMayor–board of aldermen
  MayorJustin Elicker (D)
  City20.13 sq mi (52.15 km2)
  Land18.69 sq mi (48.41 km2)
  Water1.44 sq mi (3.74 km2)
59 ft (18 m)
  Density6,968.97/sq mi (2,690.72/km2)
New Havener
 Metro area refers to New Haven County
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP Codes
Area code(s)203/475
FIPS code09-52000
GNIS feature ID0209231
Major highways

New Haven was one of the first planned cities in America.[5][6][7] A year after its founding by English Puritans in 1638, eight streets were laid out in a four-by-four grid, creating what is commonly known as the "Nine Square Plan".[8] The central common block is the New Haven Green, a 16-acre (6 ha) square at the center of Downtown New Haven. The Green is now a National Historic Landmark, and the "Nine Square Plan" is recognized by the American Planning Association as a National Planning Landmark.[9][10]

New Haven is the home of Yale University. As New Haven's biggest taxpayer and employer,[11] Yale serves as an integral part of the city's economy. Health care (hospitals and biotechnology), professional services (legal, architectural, marketing, and engineering), financial services, and retail trade also contribute to the city's economic activity.

The city served as co-capital of Connecticut from 1701 until 1873, when sole governance was transferred to the more centrally located city of Hartford. New Haven has since billed itself as the "Cultural Capital of Connecticut" for its supply of established theaters, museums, and music venues.[12] New Haven had the first public tree planting program in America, producing a canopy of mature trees (including some large elms) that gave the city the nickname "The Elm City".[13]