New Persian

New Persian (Persian: فارسی نو), also known as Modern Persian (فارسی نوین) and Dari (دری), is the final stage of the Persian language spoken since the 8th to 9th centuries until now in Greater Iran and surroundings. It is conventionally divided into three stages: Early New Persian (8th/9th centuries), Classical Persian (10th–18th centuries), and Contemporary Persian (19th century to present).

New Persian
فارسی نو
Fārsi written in Persian calligraphy (Nastaʿlīq)
Native to
Native speakers
90 million[7]
(110 million total speakers)[6]
Early forms
Official status
Official language in
Regulated by
Language codes
ISO 639-1fa
ISO 639-2per (B)
fas (T)
ISO 639-3fas
58-AAC (Wider Persian)
> 58-AAC-c (Central Persian)
Areas with significant numbers of people whose first language is Persian (including dialects)
Persian Linguasphere.
  Official language
  More than 1,000,000 speakers
  Between 500,000 – 1,000,000 speakers
  Between 100,000 – 500,000 speakers
  Between 25,000 – 100,000 speakers
  Fewer than 25,000 speakers / none
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Dari is a name given to the New Persian language since the 10th century, widely used in Arabic (compare Al-Estakhri, Al-Muqaddasi and Ibn Hawqal) and Persian texts.[10] Since 1964, it has been the official name in Afghanistan for the Persian spoken there.