New York City

New York, often called New York City to distinguish it from New York State, or NYC for short, is the most populous city in the United States. With a 2020 population of 8,804,190 distributed over 300.46 square miles (778.2 km2),[2] New York City is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the State of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban area.[9] With over 20 million people in its metropolitan statistical area and approximately 23 million in its combined statistical area, it is one of the world's most populous megacities. New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, significantly influencing commerce,[10] entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports, and is the most photographed city in the world.[11] Home to the headquarters of the United Nations,[12] New York is an important center for international diplomacy,[13][14] and has sometimes been called the capital of the world.[15][16]

New York
Nicknames: 
Interactive map of New York City
Coordinates: 40°42′46″N 74°00′22″W[1]
Country United States
State New York
RegionMid-Atlantic
Constituent counties (boroughs)Bronx (The Bronx)
Kings (Brooklyn)
New York (Manhattan)
Queens (Queens)
Richmond (Staten Island)
Historic coloniesNew Netherland
Province of New York
Settled1624
Consolidated1898
Named forJames, Duke of York
Government
  TypeStrong mayor–council
  BodyNew York City Council
  MayorBill de Blasio (D)
Area
  Total472.43 sq mi (1,223.59 km2)
  Land300.46 sq mi (778.19 km2)
  Water171.97 sq mi (445.40 km2)
Elevation33 ft (10 m)
Population
  Total8,804,190
  Rank1st in the United States
1st in New York
  Density29,302.37/sq mi (11,313.68/km2)
  Metro20,140,470 (1st)
Demonym(s)New Yorker
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
100xx–104xx, 11004–05, 111xx–114xx, 116xx
Area code(s)212/646/332, 718/347/929, 917
FIPS code36-51000
GNIS feature ID975772
Major airportsJFK Airport
Newark Liberty Airport
LaGuardia Airport
Long Island MacArthur Airport
Westchester County Airport
Stewart Airport
Commuter railLong Island Rail Road, Metro-North Railroad, NJ Transit
Rapid transitNew York City Subway, Staten Island Railway, PATH
GDP (City, 2019)$884 billion[6] (1st)
GMP (Metro, 2020)$1.67 trillion[7] (1st)
Largest borough by areaQueens (109 square miles or 280 square kilometres)
Largest borough by populationBrooklyn (2019 est. 2,559,903)[8]
Largest borough by GDP (2019)Manhattan ($635.3 billion)[6]
Websitewww.nyc.gov
Official nameStatue of Liberty; The 20th-Century Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright
TypeCultural
Criteriai, ii, vi
Designated1984, 2019 (8th, 43rd sessions)
Reference no.;
State PartyUnited States
RegionEurope and North America

Situated on one of the world's largest natural harbors, New York City is composed of five boroughs, each of which is a county of the State of New York. The five boroughs—Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, the Bronx, and Staten Island—were created when local governments were consolidated into a single city in 1898.[17] The city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York,[18] making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. New York is home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the United States,[19] the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world as of 2016.[20][21] As of 2019, the New York metropolitan area is estimated to produce a gross metropolitan product (GMP) of $2.0 trillion. If the New York metropolitan area were a sovereign state, it would have the eighth-largest economy in the world. New York is home to the highest number of billionaires of any city in the world.[22]

New York City traces its origins to a trading post founded on the southern tip of Manhattan Island by Dutch colonists in 1624. The settlement was named New Amsterdam (Dutch: Nieuw Amsterdam) in 1626 and was chartered as a city in 1653.[23] The city came under English control in 1664 and was renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York.[23][24] The city was regained by the Dutch in July 1673 and was renamed New Orange for one year and three months; the city has been continuously named New York since November 1674.[25][26] New York City was the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790,[27] and has been the largest U.S. city since 1790.[28] The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the U.S. by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries,[29] and is a symbol of the U.S. and its ideals of liberty and peace.[30] In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity, entrepreneurship,[31] and environmental sustainability,[32][33] and as a symbol of freedom and cultural diversity.[34] In 2019, New York was voted the greatest city in the world per a survey of over 30,000 people from 48 cities worldwide, citing its cultural diversity.[35]

Many districts and landmarks in New York City are well known, including three of the world's ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013.[36] A record 66.6 million tourists visited New York City in 2019. Times Square is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District,[37] one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections,[38][39] and a major center of the world's entertainment industry.[40] Many of the city's landmarks, skyscrapers,[41] and parks are known around the world. The Empire State Building has become the global standard of reference to describe the height and length of other structures.[42][43][44] Manhattan's real estate market is among the most expensive in the world.[45][46] Providing continuous 24/7 service and contributing to the nickname The City That Never Sleeps, the New York City Subway is the largest single-operator rapid transit system worldwide, with 472 rail stations. The city has over 120 colleges and universities, including Columbia University, New York University, Rockefeller University, and the City University of New York system, which is the largest urban public university system in the United States.[47] Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City has been called both the world's leading financial center and the most financially powerful city in the world, and is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ.[48][49]