New York metropolitan area

The New York metropolitan area, broadly referred to as the Tri-State area, is the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass,[10][11][12] encompassing 4,669.0 sq mi (12,093 km2).[13] The New York area is one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world, and the only U.S. metropolitan area larger than 20 million residents as of the 2020 United States census. The vast metropolitan area includes New York City, the nation's most populous city, Long Island, Mid and Lower Hudson Valley in New York state; the six largest cities in New Jersey: Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, Elizabeth, Lakewood, and Edison, and their respective suburbs; and six of the seven largest cities in Connecticut: Bridgeport, Stamford, New Haven, Waterbury, Norwalk, and Danbury, and the suburbs of these cities. The phrase Tri-state area usually refers to New York/New Jersey/Connecticut, although an increasing number of people who work in New York City commute from Pennsylvania, particularly from the Lehigh Valley and Poconos regions in eastern Pennsylvania. The New York metropolitan area is the geographic and demographic hub of the larger Northeast megalopolis.

New York metropolitan area
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-CT-PA metro area
From top, left to right: The Financial District of Lower Manhattan, the world's principal financial center;[1][2][3][4][5] Montauk Point Light, on the East End of Long Island; Downtown White Plains, in the Hudson Valley region; the Paramount Theatre, at Asbury Park Convention Hall at nightfall on the Jersey Shore; Greenwich, on Connecticut’s Gold Coast, home to many wealthy financiers and hedge funds; and Midtown Manhattan overlooking Hudson County, New Jersey toward the west, across the Hudson River
Country United States
States New York
 New Jersey
Core city New York City
Satellite cities
  Total3,450.2 sq mi (8,936 km2)
  Density5,318/sq mi (2,053/km2)
  Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) (2020)
20,140,470[7] (1st)
  2022 ACS 1-year[8]
DemonymNew Yorker
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
Area codes201, 203, 212, 332, 272, 347, 475, 484, 516, 551, 570, 609, 610, 631, 640, 646, 718, 732, 845, 848, 860, 862, 908, 914, 917, 929, 973
GMPUSD 2.0 trillion[9]
Highest elevation 4,180 ft/1,274 m (Slide Mountain (Ulster County, New York), in the Catskill Mountains).
Lowest elevation 0 ft/0 m (sea level) at the Atlantic Ocean, Long Island Sound, and at Hudson River estuary waterways.

The New York metropolitan area is the most populous metropolitan statistical area in the United States with 20.1 million residents, or slightly over 6% of the nation's total population, as of 2020.[7] The combined statistical area includes 23.6 million residents as of 2020.[14][15] It is one of the largest urban agglomerations in the world.[16][17][18] The New York metropolitan area continues to be the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States,[19][20][21][22] having the largest foreign-born population of any metropolitan region in the world. The metropolitan statistical area covers 6,720 sq mi (17,405 km2) while the combined statistical area is 13,318 sq mi (34,493 km2), encompassing an ethnically and geographically diverse region. The New York metropolitan area's population is larger than that of the state of New York, and the metropolitan airspace accommodated over 130 million passengers in 2016.[23]

As the hub of multiple industries, including finance, health care, pharmaceuticals, and life sciences,[24] international trade, publishing, real estate, education, fashion, entertainment, tourism, law, and manufacturing, the New York metropolitan area estimated to produce a gross metropolitan product (GMP) of $2.1 trillion as of 2022, representing the largest metropolitan economy worldwide; and if the New York metropolitan area were an independent sovereign state, it would constitute the eighth-largest economy in the world.[25][26][27][28] It is the most prominent financial,[29][30][31] diplomatic, and media hub[32][33] in the world.[34][35]

According to Forbes, in 2014, the New York metropolitan area was home to eight of the top ten ZIP Codes in the United States by median housing price, with six in Manhattan alone.[36] The New York metropolitan area is known for its varied landscape and natural beauty, and contains five of the top ten richest places in America, according to Bloomberg. These are Scarsdale, New York; Short Hills, New Jersey; Old Greenwich, Connecticut; Bronxville, New York; and Darien, Connecticut.[37] The New York metropolitan region's higher education network comprises hundreds of colleges and universities, including three Ivy League universities: Columbia, Princeton, and Yale.

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