New Zealand national rugby union team

The New Zealand national rugby union team, commonly known as the All Blacks (Māori: Ōpango[3][4]), represents New Zealand in men's international rugby union, which is considered the country's national sport.[5] The team won the Rugby World Cup in 1987, 2011 and 2015.

New Zealand
Nickname(s)All Blacks
EmblemSilver-fern frond
UnionNew Zealand Rugby
Head coachIan Foster
CaptainSam Whitelock[1]
Most capsRichie McCaw (148)[2]
Top scorerDan Carter (1598)
Top try scorerDoug Howlett (49)
First colours
Second colours
World Rugby ranking
Current3 (as of 21 March 2022)
Highest1 (2009–2019, 2021)
Lowest3 (2003, 2019, 2020, 2022)
First international
 Australia 3–22 New Zealand 
(Sydney, Australia; 15 August 1903)
Biggest win
 New Zealand 145–17 Japan 
(Bloemfontein, South Africa; 4 June 1995)
Biggest defeat
Australia 28–7 New Zealand
(Sydney, Australia; 28 August 1999)
Australia 47–26 New Zealand
(Perth, Australia; 10 August 2019)
World Cup
Appearances9 (First in 1987)
Best result Champions (1987, 2011, 2015)

New Zealand has a 77 per-cent winning record in test-match rugby, and has secured more wins than losses against every test opponent. Since their international debut in 1903,[6] New Zealand teams have played test matches against 19 nations, of which 11 have never won a game against the All Blacks. The team has also played against three multinational all-star teams, losing only eight of 45 matches. Since the introduction of the World Rugby Rankings in 2003, New Zealand has held the number-one ranking longer than all other teams combined.[7] They jointly hold the record for the most consecutive test match wins for a tier-one ranked nation, along with England.

The All Blacks compete with Argentina, Australia and South Africa in the Rugby Championship, and have won the trophy eighteen times in the competition's 25-year history. The team has completed a Grand Slam tour against the four Home Nations four times (1978, 2005, 2008 and 2010). World Rugby has named New Zealand the World Rugby Team of the Year ten times since the award was initiated in 2001,[8] and an All Black has won the World Rugby Player of the Year award ten times over the same period. Fifteen former All Blacks have been inducted into the International Rugby Hall of Fame.

The team's first match took place in 1884 in New South Wales and their first international test match in 1903 against Australia in Sydney. The following year New Zealand hosted their first home test, a match against a British Isles side in Wellington.[lower-alpha 1] There followed a 34-game tour of Europe and North America in 1905 (which included five test matches), where New Zealand suffered only one defeat: their first test loss, against Wales.

New Zealand's early uniforms consisted of a black jersey with a silver fern and white shorts. By the 1905 tour they were wearing all black, except for the silver fern, and the name "All Blacks" dates from this time.

The team performs a haka before every match; this is a Māori challenge or posture dance. Traditionally the All Blacks use Te Rauparaha's haka Ka Mate, although players have also performed Kapa o Pango since 2005.

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